Simonetta Geninatti Crich

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Can gadolinium III [Gd(III)] complexes be considered good candidates for magnetic resonance (MR)-molecular imaging studies? In this review article, we examine the principal issues that are the basis of successful use of Gd-based protocols in molecular imaging applications. High relaxivity is the primary requisite. Therefore, the design of such paramagnetic(More)
BACKGROUND The study of iron metabolism is essential in nutritional sciences as iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in humans and represents a serious health problem worldwide. The mouse is utilized as a unique and powerful model for the identification and characterization of genes involved in iron metabolism and for studying(More)
Tumor vessel imaging could be useful in identifying angiogenic blood vessels as well as being a potential predictive marker of antiangiogenic treatment response. We recently reported the expression of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in the immature and tumor endothelial cell (TEC) lining vessels of human carcinomas. Exploiting an in vivo model of(More)
In this work the selective uptake of native horse spleen ferritin and apoferritin loaded with MRI contrast agents has been assessed in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231). The higher expression of L-ferritin receptors (SCARA5) led to an enhanced uptake in MCF-7 as shown in T2 and T1 weighted MR images, respectively. The high efficiency of(More)
A novel ligand based on a pyridine-containing macrocycle bearing two acetic and one methylenephosphonic arms (PCP2A) has been synthesized. An efficient synthesis of PCP2A is based on the macrocyclization reaction between 2,6-bis(chloromethyl)pyridine and a 1,4, 7-triazaheptane derivative bearing a methylenephosphonate group on N-4. The Gd(III) complex of(More)
Altered glycosylation of cell surface proteins and lipids is frequently associated with tumorigenic and metastatic processes. These changes in glycosylation are mainly caused by an increased expression of sialyltransferases, which glycosylate exposed glycans at their terminal positions with anionic monosaccharide sialic acid residues (Sia). Tumor cells(More)
An amphiphilic Gd(III) complex has been efficiently loaded in polylactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs) to yield a novel, high sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for imaging guided drug delivery applications. As the Gd(III) complex is soluble in organic solvents, the nanoparticles were prepared as oil/water emulsions.(More)
Quantitative measurement of marker expression in diseased cells is still a topic of considerable interest and different methodologies are currently under intense scrutiny. This work aims at developing an in vitro diagnostic method based on the release of paramagnetic species from relaxometrically "silent" liposomes operated by the action of a phospholipase(More)
Five novel Gd(iii) complexes based on the structure of the heptadentate macrocyclic 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (DO3A) ligand have been synthesized and their (1)H and (17)O NMR relaxometric properties investigated in detail. The complexes have been functionalised on the secondary nitrogen atom of the macrocyclic ring with different(More)
This study aims at developing an innovative theranostic approach for lung tumor and metastases treatment, based on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). It relies on to the use of low density lipoproteins (LDL) as carriers able to maximize the selective uptake of boron atoms in tumor cells and, at the same time, to quantify the in vivo boron distribution by(More)