Simone Spangler

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Agar dilution MICs of 10 agents against 410 non-Pseudomonas aeruginosa gram-negative nonfermentative rods were determined. MICs at which 50 and 90% of the isolates were inhibited, respectively, were as follows (in micrograms per milliliter): sparfloxacin, 0.5 and 8.0; levofloxacin, 1.0 and 8.0; ciprofloxacin, 2.0 and 32.0; ofloxacin, 2.0 and 32.0;(More)
The activities of DU-6859a, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, sparfloxacin, piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem, clindamycin, and metronidazole against 11 anaerobes were tested by the broth microdilution and time-kill methods. DU-6859a was the most active drug tested (broth microdilution MICs, 0.06 to 0.5 microg/ml), followed by imipenem (MICs, 0.002(More)
MICs of six extended-spectrum cephalosporins (cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, FK 037, cefpirome, cefepime), three carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem, biapenem), and vancomycin for 49 penicillin-susceptible (S), 77 penicillin intermediate-resistant (I), and 51 penicillin-resistant (R) pneumococci were determined by agar dilution. Compared with(More)
beta-Lactamase production (nitrocefin disk method) and agar dilution susceptibility of amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, ticarcillin, ticarcillin-clavulanate, cefoxitin, imipenem, and metronidazole were determined for 320 Bacteroides species (not Bacteroides fragilis group) and 129 fusobacteria from 28 U.S. centers. Overall, 64.7% of Bacteroides species(More)
Agar dilution was used to compare the in vitro activity of CP 99,219 with those of ciprofloxacin, grepafloxacin, metronidazole, cefoxitin, piperacillin, and piperacillin-tazobactam against 489 anaerobes. CP 99,219 yielded a MIC for 50% of the strains tested (MIC50) of 0.25 micrograms/ml and a MIC90 of 1.0 microgram/ml, with 99.6% of the strains susceptible(More)
The postantibiotic effect (PAE) (10x the MIC) and the postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (0.125, 0.25, and 0.5x the MIC) were determined for six compounds against 12 strains. Measurable PAEs ranged between 0 and 1.8 h for grepafloxacin, 0 and 2.2 h for ciprofloxacin, 0 and 3. 1 h for levofloxacin, 0 and 2.2 h for sparfloxacin, 0 and 2.4 h for(More)
The agar dilution MIC method was used to test the activity of cefminox, a beta-lactamase-stable cephamycin, compared with those of cefoxitin, cefotetan, moxalactam, ceftizoxime, cefotiam, cefamandole, cefoperazone, clindamycin, and metronidazole against 357 anaerobes. Overall, cefminox was the most active beta-lactam, with an MIC at which 50% of isolates(More)
The effect of a short course of rifampin on the oral microflora was evaluated in 17 healthy volunteers. Salivary specimens were collected before and after two 600-mg doses of rifampin administered 6 h apart. Salivary bacteria were identified to species, and total quantitative colony counts were determined for each isolate. For all 17 subjects, treatment(More)
Since the development of effective N2O mitigation options is a key challenge for future agricultural practice, we studied the interactive effect of tillage systems on fertilizer-derived N2O emissions and the abundance of microbial communities involved in N2O production and reduction. Soil samples from 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm depth of reduced tillage and(More)