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The fate of all aerobic organisms is dependent on the varying intracellular concentrations of NADH and NADPH. The former is the primary ingredient that fuels ATP production via oxidative phosphorylation, while the latter helps maintain the reductive environment necessary for this process and other cellular activities. In this study we demonstrate a(More)
The chromosomes of Dinoflagellates are generally visible throughout the complete cycle of the nucleus; their ultrastructure has been worked out in four free-living, symbiotic and parasitic species respectively. In all these materials, chromosomes are made of fibrils arranged in bands of bow-shaped lines as previously described by various authors. A(More)
Isocitrate lyase, ICL (EC 4.1.3.1), an enzyme that cleaves isocitrate into succinate, and glyoxylate appears to play a pivotal role in the detoxification of aluminum (Al) in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Here, we present evidence that the 4-fold increase in ICL activity observed in Al-stressed cells is due to the overexpression of this enzyme. Blue-Native-PAGE,(More)
Aluminum (Al), a known environmental pollutant, has been linked to numerous pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease and anaemia. In this study, we show that alpha-ketoglutarate (KG) mitigates the Al-mediated nuclear accumulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) in cultured human hepatocytes (HepG2). The nuclear localization of HIF-1alpha(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Abstract Aluminum (Al), a known environmental pollutant, has been linked to numerous(More)
Acrolein, a potent cilioinhibitor of cigarette smoke was tested on synchronously dividing cultures. Mitosis could be blocked whenever the addition of acrolein was made during the cell cycle but this effect was totally reversible (between 0.06 microgram/ml to 1 microgram/ml). Nucleic acid syntheses were more affected than protein syntheses but the syntheses(More)
Okadaic acid (OA), a toxin involved in diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP), has been shown to be a potent tumor promoter in mouse skin and glandular stomach. However, more recent studies tended to show that OA can also act as a genotoxic. In this study, using the 32P-postlabelling method, DNA adduct formation was obtained in two cell lines (BHK21 C13(More)
The cytotoxicity of maitotoxin (MTX) and okadaic acid (OA) was studied on three mammalian fibroblast cell lines. Neutral red uptake (NRU), which measures cell viability, and morphological alterations were selected as rapid suitable responses. NRU allowed a precise toxicity quantification while the observations of morphological damage revealed differences(More)
Although aluminum (Al), a known environmental toxin, has been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders, the molecular mechanism responsible for these conditions is not fully understood. In this report, we demonstrate the ability of Al to trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and ineffective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. This situation(More)