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The fate of all aerobic organisms is dependent on the varying intracellular concentrations of NADH and NADPH. The former is the primary ingredient that fuels ATP production via oxidative phosphorylation, while the latter helps maintain the reductive environment necessary for this process and other cellular activities. In this study we demonstrate a(More)
Isocitrate lyase, ICL (EC, an enzyme that cleaves isocitrate into succinate, and glyoxylate appears to play a pivotal role in the detoxification of aluminum (Al) in Pseudomonas fluorescens. Here, we present evidence that the 4-fold increase in ICL activity observed in Al-stressed cells is due to the overexpression of this enzyme. Blue-Native-PAGE,(More)
Aluminum (Al), a known environmental pollutant, has been linked to numerous pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease and anaemia. In this study, we show that alpha-ketoglutarate (KG) mitigates the Al-mediated nuclear accumulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) in cultured human hepatocytes (HepG2). The nuclear localization of HIF-1alpha(More)
Although aluminum (Al), a known environmental toxin, has been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders, the molecular mechanism responsible for these conditions is not fully understood. In this report, we demonstrate the ability of Al to trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and ineffective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. This situation(More)
Chronic and subchronic toxicity from exposure to microcystins, cyclic hepatotoxic heptapeptides from cyanobacteria, receives increasing attention as a public human health biohazard. So far, the effects of microcystin on fish have been studied mainly in adults, rather than during early life stages. Limitations of direct ambient exposure experiments to fish(More)
Okadaic acid (OA), a toxin involved in diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP), has been shown to be a potent tumor promoter in mouse skin and glandular stomach. However, more recent studies tended to show that OA can also act as a genotoxic. In this study, using the 32P-postlabelling method, DNA adduct formation was obtained in two cell lines (BHK21 C13(More)
Chronic and subchronic toxicity resulting from exposure to microcystins (MCs) receives increasing attention due to the risk of bioaccumulation of these toxins by aquatic animals, including fish. The mechanisms of action of MCs that target the liver, involve modifications of protein phosphorylation resulting from phosphatases 1 and 2A inhibition. Therefore,(More)
The cyanobacterial hepatotoxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a specific potent PP1 and PP2A protein phosphatase inhibitor. In view to obtain an integrated whole-body, understanding of the key target organs of MC-LR subsequent to embryonic exposure on the anatomy of medaka fish hatchlings, embryos at stage 19 were microinjected with a sublethal dose of MC-LR(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Abstract Aluminum (Al), a known environmental pollutant, has been linked to numerous(More)