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The expression of chemokines and their receptors is thought to contribute to leukocyte infiltration and progressive renal fibrosis after unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO). We hypothesized that blocking the chemokine receptor CCR1 using the nonpeptide antagonist BX471 could reduce leukocyte infiltration and renal fibrosis after UUO. UUO kidneys from(More)
The central role of the multifunctional protein nephrin within the macromolecular complex forming the glomerular slit diaphragm is well established, but the mechanisms linking the slit diaphragm to the cytoskeleton and to the signaling pathways involved in maintaining the integrity of the glomerular filter remain incompletely understood. Here, we report(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is among the most lethal complications that occur in type 1 and type 2 diabetics. Podocyte dysfunction is postulated to be a critical event associated with proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis in glomerular diseases including DN. However, molecular mechanisms of podocyte dysfunction in the development of DN are not well understood.(More)
Alterations in glomerular podocyte cell-cell and cell-matrix contacts are key events in progressive glomerular failure. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) has been implicated in podocyte cell-matrix interaction and is induced in proteinuria. For evaluation of ILK function in vivo, mice with a Cre-mediated podocyte-specific ILK inactivation were generated. These(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently complicated by glomerulonephritis with immune complexes containing viral RNA. We examined the potential influence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), specifically TLR3 recognition of viral dsRNA exemplified by polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid [poly(I:C) RNA]. Normal human kidney stained positive for TLR3 on(More)
Genetic alterations of α-actinin-4 can cause podocyte injury through multiple mechanisms. Although a mechanism involving gain-of-α-actinin-4 function was well described and is responsible for a dominantly inherited form of human focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), evidence supporting mechanisms involving loss-of-α-actinin-4 function in human(More)
BACKGROUND The delicate foot process architecture of glomerular podocytes critically depends on integrin mediated cell-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) interaction. Integrin signaling via the integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is activated in podocyte damage and associated with considerable podocyte phenotype alterations. ILK has been shown to regulate cell(More)
Several recent studies have focused on similarities between glomerular podocytes and neurons because the two cells share a specialized cytoskeletal organization and several expression-restricted proteins, such as nephrin and synaptopodin. In neurons, the small guanosine triphosphatase Rab3A and its effector rabphilin-3A form a complex required for the(More)
Podocytes are highly specialized epithelial cells with complex actin cytoskeletal architecture crucial for maintenance of the glomerular filtration barrier. The mammalian Rho GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42 are molecular switches that control many cellular processes, but are best known for their roles in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Here, we(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Cellular functions like proliferation, differentiation, migration, morphogenesis and apoptosis are modulated by the extracellular matrix. Integrins are the prototypic heterodimeric transmembrane matrix receptors with competing affinities for individual extracellular matrix ligands. The intracellular integrin domain clusters cytoplasmic(More)