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Stem cells are a key target of environmental toxicants, but little is known about their toxicological responses. We aimed at developing an in-vitro model based on adult human stem cells to identify biomarkers of heavy metal exposure. To this end we investigated the responses of human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells to hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]) and(More)
The inherent toxicity of many metal compounds, together with their widespread environmental distribution, raises concerns of potential health hazards. Little is known about the impact of these important environmental toxicants on adult stem/progenitor cells, necessary for tissue homeostasis and repair. We recently reported that autophagy is implicated in(More)
SEL1L-A, a transmembrane glycoprotein residing in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is a component of the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. Alternative splicing generates two smaller SEL1L isoforms, -B and -C, that lack the SEL1L-A membrane-spanning region but retain some sel-1-like repeats, known to be involved in multi-protein interactions and(More)
We describe here two novel endogenous variants of the human endoplasmic reticulum (ER) cargo receptor SEL1LA, designated p38 and p28. Biochemical and RNA interference studies in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic cells indicate that p38 and p28 are N-terminal, ER-anchorless and more stable relative to the canonical transmembrane SEL1LA. P38 is expressed and(More)
When expressed in the absence of light chains, secretory Ig-micro chains (micro(s)) undergo endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD). This process involves the recognition of terminally misfolded or unassembled molecules, their retro-translocation across the ER membrane and ubiquitination for degradation by cytosolic proteasomes. The molecular(More)
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