Simone Maria Kagerbauer

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The involvement of the neuropeptides oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) in human socio-emotional behaviours is attracting increasing attention. There is ample evidence for elevated plasma levels upon a wide variety of social and emotional stimuli and scenarios, ranging from romantic love via marital distress up to psychopathology, with cause versus(More)
Glitazones are known to modulate fatty acid-induced effects on insulin secretion in the pancreatic beta-cell. The present study focused on combined effects of troglitazone and oleate on preproinsulin (PPI) biosynthesis. Insulin-producing INS-1 cells were incubated for 4 hr at 11.2mM glucose in the presence (O(+)) or absence (O(-)) of 200 microM oleate with(More)
The pathophysiology of arterial vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood and the contribution of endogenous neuropeptides has not been sufficiently elucidated. Recently, we detected an excessive release of vasoconstrictive neuropeptide Y (NPY) in SAH patients and identified a significant correlation of NPY cerebrospinal fluid(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a highly potent vasoconstrictive neuropeptide, is widely expressed in the human brain, regulating vessel diameter and cerebral blood flow. Earlier studies focusing on the possible role of NPY in the context of aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and vasospasm have produced conflicting results. However, despite extensive research(More)
The aim of this study was to explore concentrations differences of soluble amyloid precursor protein (sAPP) α and β in blood plasma in patients with probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cognitively healthy age-matched control subjects, as well as patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Concentrations of sAPPα and β were measured(More)
The established biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) require invasive endeavours or presuppose sophisticated technical equipment. Consequently, new biomarkers are needed. Here, we report that plasma levels of soluble amyloid precursor protein β (sAPPβ), a protein of the initial phase of the amyloid cascade, were significantly lower in patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES In the human brain, the potent vasoconstrictive neuropeptide Y (NPY) is abundantly expressed. Neuropeptide Y, which is stored in perivascular nerve fibers of the cerebral arteries, regulates the cerebral vascular diameter as well as cerebral blood flow. However, the role of NPY in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm (CV) related to(More)
BACKGROUND An elevated body mass index (BMI) is suggested to be a risk factor for a poor outcome after intracranial aneurysm rupture and is considered to be associated with cerebral infarction in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to analyze the association between permorbid BMI and neurological outcome. (More)
Patients recovering from aneurysmal SAH often complain about weakness, fatigue and impaired cognitive skills. Pituitary dysfunction might be one possible reason for these complaints, as in patients with traumatic brain injury, hypopituitarism is known to be a common complication. There are only a few studies dealing with this problem in SAH patients, but(More)
OBJECTIVE Free fatty acids (FFAs) deplete the intracellular insulin stores of pancreatic beta-cells. It has been suggested that this results from a lipotoxic dysregulation of both insulin secretion and insulin synthesis. In the present study, this hypothesis was tested within a 12-h time-course by directly relating the FFA-induced loss of intracellular(More)