Learn More
Several studies have shown that treadmill training improves neurological outcomes and promotes plasticity in lumbar spinal cord of spinal animals. The morphological and biochemical mechanisms underlying these phenomena remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to provide evidence of activity-dependent plasticity in spinal cord segment (L5) below a(More)
The intracerebroventricular infusion of streptozotocin (icv-STZ) has been largely used in research to mimic the main characteristics of Alzheimer's disease (AD), including cognitive decline, impairment of cholinergic transmission, oxidative stress and astrogliosis. Moderate physical exercise has a number of beneficial effects on the central nervous system,(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) has very poor clinical prospects, resulting in irreversible loss of function below the injury site. Although applied in clinical trials, olfactory ensheathing cells transplantation (OEC) derived from lamina propria (OLP) is still a controversial repair strategy. The present study explored the efficacy of OLP or respiratory lamina(More)
Several evidences suggest that the posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) can be a relevant part of the rat neural circuitry for the regulation of hypothalamic neuroendocrine secretion and for ontogenetically different behavioral displays. The dendritic spine density of Golgi-impregnated neurons from the MePD was evaluated in young rats following acute or(More)
The rat posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) is a component of the neural network that modulates male sexual behavior. Dendritic spines were counted in Golgi-impregnated bitufted and stellate neurons and from cells located in the medial and lateral MePD subregions. It was also studied the effect of 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, microinjected into(More)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder of locomotion, posture and movement that can be caused by prenatal, perinatal or postnatal insults during brain development. An increased incidence of CP has been correlated to perinatal asphyxia and maternal infections during gestation. The effects of maternal exposure to low doses of bacterial endotoxin(More)
Astrocytic changes have been demonstrated in several neurodegenerative diseases, showing that these cells play an important role in functional recovery/maintenance against brain damage. Physical exercise is known to contribute to this process; however, the cellular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. This study investigated the effects of physical(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the nociceptive response (avoidance latency) of the land snail Megalobulimus abbreviatus (N=8 in each group) after topical capsaicin exposure (0.1% and 0.5% in 20% ethanol) and to compare it to a well-studied stressful (50 degrees C) thermal stimulus model. We also tested if ruthenium red, and capsazepine, respectively(More)
Studies have shown that an enriched environmental (EE) enhances hippocampal neurogenesis and dendritic branching in rodents, improving the performance in learning and memory task. Diabetes, however, is associated with memory deficits and decreasing in cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), possibly related with higher glucocorticoid(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether treadmill locomotor training could have beneficial effects on deficits consequent to perinatal anoxia, sensorimotor restriction or a combination of both. Fifty-six newborn male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control, anoxic, sensorimotor-restricted and anoxic-sensorimotor-restricted. Rats(More)