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The cellular prion protein of the mouse, mPrP(C), consists of 208 amino acids (residues 23-231). It contains a carboxy-terminal domain, mPrP(121-231), which represents an autonomous folding unit with three alpha-helices and a two-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet. We expressed the complete amino acid sequence of the prion protein, mPrP(23-231), in the(More)
The 'protein only' hypothesis states that a modified form of normal prion protein triggers infectious neurodegenerative diseases, such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans. Prion proteins are thought to exist in two different conformations: the 'benign' PrPcform, and the infectious 'scrapie form', PrPsc.(More)
The prion protein is known to be a copper-binding protein, but affinity and stoichiometry data for the full-length protein at a physiological pH of 7 were lacking. Furthermore, it was unknown whether only the highly flexible N-terminal segment with its octarepeat region is involved in copper binding or whether the structured C-terminal domain is also(More)
Prions are infectious particles causing transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). They consist, at least in part, of an isoform (PrPSc) of the ubiquitous cellular prion protein (PrPC). Conformational differences between PrPC and PrPSc are evident from increased beta-sheet content and protease resistance in PrPSc. Here we describe a monoclonal(More)
The recombinant murine prion protein, mPrP(23-231), was expressed in E. coli with uniform 15N-labeling. NMR experiments showed that the previously determined globular three-dimensional structure of the C-terminal domain mPrP(121-231) is preserved in the intact protein, and that the N-terminal polypeptide segment 23-120 is flexibly disordered. This(More)
The refined NMR structure of the mouse prion protein domain mPrP(121-231) and the recently reported NMR structure of the complete 208-residue polypeptide chain of mPrP are used to investigate the structural basis of inherited human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. In the cellular form of mPrP no spatial clustering of mutation sites is observed(More)
Most transmissible spongiform encephalopathies arise either spontaneously or by infection. Mutations of PRNP, which encodes the prion protein, PrP, segregate with phenotypically similar diseases. Here we report that moderate overexpression in transgenic mice of mPrP(170N,174T), a mouse PrP with two point mutations that subtly affect the structure of its(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) or "prion diseases" have been related to the "protein-only hypothesis", which suggests that the "scrapie form (PrPSc)" of the prion protein (PrP) is the TSE infectious agent. The nmr structure of the ubiquitous benign cellular form of PrP (PrPC) consists of a globular domain of residues 126-231 with three(More)
By immunizing prion knockout mice (Prnp-/-) with recombinant murine prion protein (PrPc), we obtained a panel of mAbs specific for murine PrPc. These mAbs can be applied to immunoblotting, cell surface immunofluorescent staining, and immunohistochemistry at light and electron microscopy. These mAbs recognize both the normal (PrPc) and protease-resistant(More)
PrP(Sc), a misfolded and aggregated form of the cellular prion protein PrP(C), is the only defined constituent of the transmissible agent causing prion diseases. Expression of PrP(C) in the host organism is necessary for prion replication and for prion neurotoxicity. Understanding prion diseases necessitates detailed structural insights into PrP(C) and(More)