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As the systemic administration of etoposide is effective in the treatment of relapsed and metastatic brain tumours, a pilot trial was designed to study the feasibility of intraventricular administration of etoposide in such patients. 14 patients aged 2.1 to 33.2 years were treated with intraventricular etoposide simultaneously with either oral or(More)
Soft-tissue sarcomas are heterogeneous cancers that can present with tissue-specific differentiation markers. To examine the cellular basis for this histopathological variation and to identify sarcoma-relevant molecular pathways, we generated a chimeric mouse model in which sarcoma-associated genetic lesions can be introduced into discrete, muscle-resident(More)
The in vivo functions of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) and the signaling mechanisms that control brown adipose tissue (BAT) fuel utilization and activity are not well understood. Here, by conditionally deleting Rictor in the Myf5 lineage, we provide in vivo evidence that mTORC2 is dispensable for skeletal muscle development and(More)
Heritable predisposition is an important cause of cancer in children and adolescents. Although a large number of cancer predisposition genes and their associated syndromes and malignancies have already been described, it appears likely that there are more pediatric cancer patients in whom heritable cancer predisposition syndromes have yet to be recognized.(More)
OBJECTIVE Synovial sarcoma is the most common malignant nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft-tissue sarcoma in children. This article shows examples of synovial sarcoma in children and corresponding examples of benign mimics. CONCLUSION It is important for radiologists to recognize the often nonaggressive appearance of synovial sarcoma in the pediatric population to(More)
The role of the Hippo pathway effector YAP1 in soft tissue sarcomas is poorly defined. Here we report that YAP1 activity is elevated in human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS). In mice, sustained YAP1 hyperactivity in activated, but not quiescent, satellite cells induces ERMS with high penetrance and short latency. Via its transcriptional program with(More)
Tumor ganglioside metabolism has been implicated in modulating tumor formation and progression. We found previously that transient ganglioside depletion by inhibition of glucosylceramide synthesis of MEB4 melanoma cells in vitro reduced their tumorigenic capability. Here, we have established that treatment of the host with a novel p.o. inhibitor of(More)
Low (< or = 35%) or absent expression of the complex 'b' pathway gangliosides GD1b, GT1b and GQ1b (CbG) correlates with an aggressive biological phenotype in human neuroblastoma tumors. To develop an in vitro model to probe mechanisms by which CbG may contribute to neuroblastoma behavior, we have comprehensively evaluated ganglioside expression in nine(More)
Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) strategies to purify distinct cell types from the pool of fetal human myofiber-associated (hMFA) cells were developed. We demonstrate that cells expressing the satellite cell marker PAX7 are highly enriched within the subset of CD45(-)CD11b(-)GlyA(-)CD31(-)CD34(-)CD56(int)ITGA7(hi) hMFA cells. These(More)