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Deep Brain Stimulation is an effective treatment of generalized dystonia. Optimal stimulation parameters vary between patients. This article investigates the influence of electrical brain impedance and delivered current on the brain response to stimulation. Twenty-four patients were bilaterally stimulated in the globus pallidus internus through two(More)
OBJECT Adjusting electrical parameters used in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia remains time consuming and is currently based on clinical observation alone. The goal of this study was to visualize electrical parameters around the electrode, to correlate these parameters with the anatomy of the globus pallidus internus (GPI), and to study the(More)
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) causes a progressive generalized dystonia which remains pharmacologically intractable. We performed bilateral internal globus pallidus stimulation in six patients with genetically confirmed PKAN who obtained a major and long-lasting improvement of their painful spasms, dystonia, and functional(More)
Stimulation electrodes are implanted under general anesthesia, without intra-operative electrophysiology or clinical testing, based only on stereotactic MRI and direct anatomical localization of the postero-ventro-basal GPi. We retrospectively analyzed the surgical procedure that has been designed and implemented in our center, using the Leksell G frame,(More)
OBJECT The parameter adjustment process during deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia remains time consuming and based on clinical observation alone. The aim was to correlate the electric field with the GPi anatomy to be able to study the stimulated volume. METHODS We developed a computer-assisted method (model) for visualizing electric field in(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become increasingly important for the treatment and relief of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, tremor, dystonia and psychiatric illness. As DBS implantations and any other stereotactic and functional surgical procedure require accurate, precise and safe targeting of the brain structure, the technical aids(More)
OBJECT In patients with dystonia, symptoms vary greatly in their extent and severity. The efficacy of pallidal stimulation is now established, but an interindividual variability in the responses to this treatment exists. A retrospective analysis of postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) images demonstrated millimetric variations in the positions of electrode(More)
In this article, we briefly review the concept of brain mapping in stereotactic surgery taking into account recent advances in stereotactic imaging. The gold standard continues to rely on probabilistic and indirect targeting, relative to a stereotactic reference, i.e., mostly the anterior (AC) and the posterior (PC) commissures. The theoretical position of(More)
PURPOSE Groups performing deep brain stimulation advocate post-operative imaging [magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT)] to analyse the position of each electrode contact. The artefact of the Activa 3389 electrode had been described for MRI but not for CT. We undertook an electrode artefact analysis for CT imaging to obtain(More)
Myoclonus-dystonia syndrome (MDS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by bilateral myoclonic jerks. An 8-year-old boy presenting with early onset, medically intractable, MDS due to a mutation in the epsilon-sarcoglycan gene (SGCE) underwent chronic bilateral stimulation of the globus pallidus internus, which eliminates both myoclonus and(More)