Simone Harsch

Learn More
Although a cholesterol supersaturation of gallbladder bile has been identified as the underlying pathophysiologic defect, the molecular pathomechanism of gallstone formation in humans remains poorly understood. A deficiency of the apical sodium bile acid transporter (ASBT) and ileal lipid binding protein (ILBP) in the small intestine may result in bile acid(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 65 channels in 12 schizophrenics and 12 age- and sex-matched controls during a delayed matching-to-sample design with variation of working-memory (WM) challenge: following a 500 ms visual sample stimulus (called S1, two diamonds varying in size, rotation angle and vertical position), the same pattern was(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, infusion of angiotensin II increases erythropoietin (EPO) serum levels in a dose-dependent manner. However, it is not known whether angiotensin II stimulates EPO-producing renal fibroblasts directly via a receptor or by alteration of renal hemodynamics with a consecutive decrease of renal blood flow. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Cholelithiasis is a multifactorial process, and several mechanisms have been postulated. A decreased expression of the ileal apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) and of the cytosolic ileal lipid binding protein (ILBP) was recently described in female non-obese patients. The role of the recently identified organic solute transporters a and b(More)
Cholelithiasis is a multifactorial process, and several mechanisms have been postulated. A decreased expression of the ileal apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) and of the cytosolic ileal lipid binding protein (ILBP) was recently described in female non-obese patients. The role of the recently identified organic solute transporters alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Cholelithiasis is a multifactorial process and several mechanisms of gallstone formation have been postulated. As one of these mechanisms, a decreased expression of the ileal apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter gene SLC10A2 in gallstone carriers was described previously. In this study the SLC10A2 gene was investigated to identify novel(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) is an enteric hormone regulating bile acid de novo synthesis by sensing ileal bile acid flux. However, the role of FGF19 in cholelithiasis has not yet been elucidated and therefore is investigated in the present study. METHODS Total mRNA and protein were isolated from ileal biopsies and used for tissue(More)
Porcine immune cells were examined for the ability to produce inducible nitric oxide synthase following in vitro or in vivo stimulation. Enzyme activity and product formation were not detected following stimulation of porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), splenocytes, or alveolar macrophages with a combination of ConA and lipopolysaccharide(More)
The apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (SLC10A2) plays a key role in the reabsorption of luminal bile acids into the enterohepatic circulation. Rare variations in SLC10A2 have been reported to be associated with Crohn’s disease, primary bile acid malabsorption and familial hypertriglyceridemia; however, variants associated with reduced SLC10A2(More)
BACKGROUND Non-obese gallstone patients exhibit a diminished expression of apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) in terminal ileum. Crohn's ileitis demonstrates a significant downregulation of this transporter. AIM To test whether subclinical ileal inflammation contributes to gallstone disease. METHODS Biopsies from terminal ileum of(More)