Simone Esposito

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The point spread function of a segmented aperture is seriously affected by the misalignment of the segments. Stringent requirements apply to position sensors and their calibration. The Active Phasing Experiment (APE) will be a technical instrument aimed at testing possible phasing techniques for a European Giant Optical Telescope (EGOT) in a representative(More)
We present a compact optical design for a multireference Shack-Hartmann-based wavefront sensor (WFS) for multiconjugate adaptive optical systems. The key component of this WFS design is a field lenslet array that separates the exit pupil images in the sensing plane for all reference sources. An analytical method for WFS optical design is presented, and the(More)
A new adaptive optics system for the eye using a pyramid wavefront sensor interfaced in closed-loop with a piezoelectric deformable mirror is presented. Sensing parameters such as CCD integration time, pupil sampling and beam steering amplitude are tested on the bench and in vivo on several volunteers to optimize real-time optical correction. The system(More)
This paper addresses the application of observer-based control techniques for the adaptive optics system of the LBT telescope. In such a context, attention is focused on the use of Kalman and H∞ filters to estimate the temporal evolution of phase perturbations due to the atmospheric turbulence and the telescope vibrations acting on tip/tilt modes. We shall(More)
The multi-conjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) technique allows to correcting the vertical distribution of atmospheric turbulence, extending the isoplanatic angle and the sky coverage. In the Layer-Oriented (LO) approach, each wavefront sensor (WFS) is conjugated to a given atmospheric layer and is linked in closed loop to a deformable mirror, conjugated to the(More)
The heart of the 6.5 Magellan AO system (MagAO) is a 585 actuator adaptive secondary mirror (ASM) with <1 msec response times (0.7 ms typically). This adaptive secondary will allow low emissivity and high-contrast AO science. We fabricated a high order (561 mode) pyramid wavefront sensor (similar to that now successfully used at the Large Binocular(More)
This work describes a simple, sensitive and rapid liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry method for the quantitation of perhexiline and the simultaneous detection of perhexiline metabolites in C57bl/6 mice plasma. Only 5 μL of plasma was used for analysis. Pretreatment was limited to a 100-fold dilution ('dilute-and-shoot'). The analyte was(More)
We describe some novel technical approaches to implement multi-pyramid wavefront sensing, partially extendable to single pyramid and to any MCAO system. First we introduce an achromatic version of the pyramid, which allows for a much better spatial resolution on the pupil and also relaxes the specifications in term of turned edges. Then we discuss the(More)
Extreme adaptive optics systems dedicated to the search for extrasolar planets are currently being developed for most 810 meter telescopes. Extensive computer simulations have shown the ability of both Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wave front sensors to deliver high Strehl ratio correction expected from extreme adaptive optics but few experiments have been(More)