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OBJECTIVE Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) are global major public health problems, particularly in developing countries. Whilst an association between H. pylori infection and ID/IDA has been proposed in the literature, currently there is no consensus. We studied the effects of H. pylori infection on ID/IDA in a cohort of children(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe the results of endoscopic secondary prophylaxis, alone or in combination with propranolol, used to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) in children and adolescents with esophageal varices. METHODS This observational study followed 43 patients younger than 18 years who received secondary prophylaxis(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the causes of esophageal stricture in pediatric patients and their response to endoscopic dilatation. METHODS Retrospective analysis of clinical and endoscopic data obtained from children and adolescents with esophageal stricture submitted to endoscopic dilatation between July 1993 and January 2003. RESULTS A total of 125 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical and laboratory parameters that may predict the presence of esophageal varices in children and adolescents with portal hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS Overall, 111 patients with portal hypertension and no previous history of digestive bleeding underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy for detection of esophageal varices.(More)
Th17 cells seem to have an important role in the efficacy of vaccines against Helicobacter pylori. Because children are a target group for human vaccination and Th17/T(reg) cells have intrinsically linked and antagonic commitments, we compared the gastric levels of Th17- and T(reg)-associated cytokines of children and adults. IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β1 levels(More)
Association between H. pylori infection, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia has been described, but the mechanisms involved have not been established. We hypothesized that in H. pylori infected children increased gastric concentrations of IL-1β and/or TNF-α, both potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion that is essential for iron absorption, are(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is mainly acquired in childhood, and polymorphisms in the host genes coding for Toll-like receptors (TLRs) may influence the innate and adaptive immune response to the infection, affecting the susceptibility to H. pylori or the disease outcomes. Our aim was to investigate whether TLR4, TLR2, and TLR5 polymorphisms were(More)
To compare children and adults in respect to the effect of H. pylori infection on the gastric concentrations of cytokines linked to innate and Th1 immune response, as well as to investigate the changes in the gastric concentrations of the studied cytokines according to the age. We studied 245 children (142 H. pylori-negative and 103 H. pylori-positive) and(More)
BACKGROUND - Bleeding of esophageal varices is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults with portal hypertension and there are few studies involving secondary prophylaxis in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic secondary prophylaxis in prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children(More)