Simone Cristoni

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The analysis of plasma samples from healthy, diabetic and nephropathic subjects was carried out by 2D gel electrophoresis. This approach shows clear differences among the three classes of subjects. In the case of diabetic and nephropathic patients intense spots appear. Their enzymatic digestion followed by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization/mass(More)
8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) is regarded as an important biomarker of oxidative DNA damage and it may be estimated by using different techniques in various biological matrices, most notably DNA and urine. In the case of DNA, artifactual oxidation may take place during the isolation of DNA, its hydrolysis and possible derivatization (as for GC-MS),(More)
A new ionization method named surface-activated chemical ionization (SACI) has been realized. In this invention a commercially available atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) chamber, employed without any corona discharge (no-discharge APCI), has been modified with the insertion of a gold surface, leading to a significant improvement in the(More)
A novel approach, based on the use of atmospheric pressure chemical ionization ion trap mass spectrometry (APCI-ITMS) conditions, but without using corona discharge, was used to analyze peptides. The proposed method was applied to three standard peptides (bombesin, trityrosine and tyrosine-glycine-glycine) as well as peptides obtained through enzymatic(More)
A new approach, based on the use of atmospheric pressure chemical ionization ion trap mass spectrometry (APCI-ITMS), but without a corona discharge, was investigated for application to creating and monitoring protein ions. It must be emphasized that APCI is not usually used in protein analysis. In order to verify the applicability of the proposed method to(More)
ApoA-I, which constitutes 70% of the apolipoprotein content of high-density lipoproteins, acts as an acceptor for the transfer of phospholipids and free cholesterol from peripheral tissues and transports cholesterol in the liver and other tissue for excretion and steroidogenesis. In order to verify its possible structural alteration in pathological states,(More)
A series of fatty acids among other compounds have recently been detected in breath in real time by secondary electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (SESI-MS) (Martínez-Lozano P and Fernández de la Mora J 2008 Anal. Chem. 80 8210). Our main aim in this work was to (1) quantify their abundance in breath calibrating the system with standard vapors and (2)(More)
In recent years, mass spectrometry has been increasingly used for the analysis of various macromolecules of biological, biomedical, and biochemical interest. This increase has been made possible by two key developments: the advent of electrospray ionization (ESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) sources. The two new techniques produce(More)
This review regards the recently developed ionization source named surface-activated chemical ionization (SACI) that employs an interaction with a surface placed at low voltage for the activation of the ionization of sample molecules to increase the sensitivity in the analysis of various compounds of biological and clinical interest. These results are due(More)