Simone Bonnet

Learn More
In order to approach the molecular basis of the tissue-specific agonistic activity of antioestrogens, we have compared, at the mRNA level, the expression of various transcriptional cofactors (activators or repressors) of estrogen receptors in different breast (MCF7, ZR75-1, T47D, MDA-MB231) and endometrial (Ishikawa, RL-95-2 and HEC1A) human cancer cell(More)
Malaria transmission from humans to mosquitoes was assessed in two neighbouring villages in a rural area near Yaoundé, Cameroon during high and low transmission seasons during 1998-2000, using several indices previously evaluated in different areas endemic for malaria but never directly compared. These indices were estimated from human parasitological data(More)
We conducted parasitological and entomological malaria surveys among the population of Mengang district in southern Cameroon to analyse the relationship between malaria transmission intensity and malaria morbidity. We investigated two adjacent areas which differ 10-fold in transmission intensity [annual entomological inoculation rate (EIR) 17 vs. 170], but(More)
Anopheles gambiae is the major African vector of Plasmodium falciparum, the most deadly species of human malaria parasite and the most prevalent in Africa. Several strategies are being developed to limit the global impact of malaria via reducing transmission rates, among which are transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs), which induce in the vertebrate host(More)
Summary Quantitatively assessing the impact of naturally occurring transmission-blocking (TB) immunity on malaria parasite sporogonic development may provide a useful interpretation of the underlying mechanisms. Here, we compare the effects of plasma derived from 23 naturally infected gametocyte carriers (OWN) with plasma from donors without previous(More)
Human infectiousness to mosquitoes can be estimated by 2 tests: direct feeding on the skin and membrane feeding on venous blood. To validate the membrane feeding assay, the infectiousness of Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte carriers to Anopheles gambiae was estimated by these 2 methods in the same individuals in a rural area of Cameroon. Results from 37(More)
Gametocytes are responsible for the transmission of malaria parasites, Plasmodium spp., from man to mosquito. Although transmission success, as measured by the proportion of mosquitoes infected, generally increases with gametocyte density, the proportion of parasites that are gametocytes is always paradoxically only a few percent of the asexual blood(More)
Transmission blocking immunity (TBI) was studied in relation to age, gametocyte density and transmission intensity. subjects with high gametocytaemias were selected in a hypo-endemic urban district and a hyper-endemic rural area in South Cameroon. TBI was determined in blood from gametocyte carriers in a bioassay (Direct Membrane Feeding Assay), with either(More)
Experimental infections of laboratory-reared anopheline mosquitoes were carried out with 57 Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte carriers from Cameroon. Prevalence of infected mosquitoes and oocyst intensity were determined by two independent methods. Young P. falciparum oocysts were detected on day 2 after feeding using an immunofluorescent assay, and the(More)
Understanding the interactions between the most deadly malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, and its main vector, Anopheles gambiae, would be of great help in developing new malaria control strategies. The malaria parasite undergoes several developmental transitions in the mosquito midgut and suffers population losses to which mosquito factors presumably(More)