Simone Boldt

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In this study we have investigated the role of mitogen-induced and stress-activated MAP kinase pathways in the cellular response to taxol, etoposide and ceramide in three different human cancer cell lines: HeLa cervical carcinoma, MCF7 breast cancer and A431 squamous carcinoma cells. The mitogen-induced ERK MAPKs were linked to cell proliferation and(More)
The transmembrane form of tumor necrosis factor (mTNF), expressed on activated monocytes (MO) and macrophages (MPhi), is able to induce apoptosis in human endothelial cells (EC). Apoptosis is mediated by two distinct mechanisms: direct cell contact and a yet-unidentified soluble protein, death factor X. In addition, mTNF acts as a receptor that transduces a(More)
MAPK (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase) pathways mediate fundamental biological processes and have moved into the limelight of drug discovery during the past decade. Here we review the biochemistry and biology of MAPK signalling with a focus on ERK, JNK and p38. We summarise current drug discovery efforts and clinical trials. Further, we critically discuss(More)
MAP kinase pathways comprise a group of parallel protein phosphorylation cascades, which are involved in signaling triggered by a variety of stimuli. Previous findings suggested that the ERK and the JNK pathways have opposing roles in regulating proliferation and survival or apoptosis and that apoptosis can be promoted by inhibiting the ERK pathway or by(More)
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