Simone Beninati

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The identification of (gamma-glutamyl)polyamines in proteolytic digest of proteins from the cytosolic and particulate fractions of B16-F10 and B16-F10Lr6 cell lines, originating from a spontaneous tumor in C57BL/6 mice, indicates that polyamines are incorporated into melanoma cell proteins by transglutaminases (TGases-EC 2.3.2.13). The levels of(More)
The knowledge that very different processes such as normal and neoplastic cell growth, reproduction and death are dependent on the presence of adequate levels of transglutaminases (TGase: EC 2.3.2.13) and that they are capable of affecting the differentiation and proliferative capability of several cell types, has prompted a multitude of researchers to(More)
Osteopontin (OP) is a component of extracellular, bone, and urinary stone matrices, but the mechanism by which it is stably incorporated into such matrices remains unknown. By SDS-PAGE analysis of [125I]OP, treated with a catalytic amount of TG, we first demonstrate both intra- and intermolecular covalent cross-linking of OP. Most importantly, the analysis(More)
Natural polyamines, i.e., putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are ubiquitous molecules essential for cell proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, the effect of polyamines on primary cultures of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs), rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs), and a human melanoma cell line was examined. While in the(More)
We previously found that interferon alpha2 recombinant (IFNalpha) increases the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in the human epidermoid cancer KB cell line. Here we report the effects of IFNalpha and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on KB cell cycle kinetics. IFNalpha (1000 i.u./ml) for 48 h decreased the S-phase fraction and diminished(More)
Immature cells of etiolated apices of sprouts growing from Helianthus tuberosus (H. t.) tubers showed Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase (TG, EC 2.3.2.13) activity on fibronectin (more efficiently) and dimethylcasein as substrates. Three main TG bands of about 85, 75 and 58 kDa were isolated from the 100,000×g apices supernatant through a DEAE-cellulose column(More)
We have previously demonstrated that when phospholipase A2 is treated with either tissue transglutaminase or human plasma Factor XIIIa, a striking increase of its catalytic activity is observed, due to the formation of an intramolecular epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)-lysine crosslink [Cordella-Miele et al. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 17180-17188]. Here, we report(More)
The IX Conference on Transglutaminase and Protein Crosslinking was brilliantly organized by Said El Alaoui in Marrakesh, in the early days of September 2007. As in our tradition, Martin Griffin resumed hot points emerging at the conference in his final remarks. He reminded us that 2007 was the year of the 50th anniversary of the discovery of(More)
Protein synthesis initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) from human erythrocytes was found to be a substrate for both plasma transglutaminase (Factor XIIIa) and guinea pig liver transglutaminase (GPLTG). When purified eIF-5A was incubated with GPLTG or Factor XIIIa in the presence of succinylated beta-casein, a covalent complex was identified. By isolating and(More)
Post-translational formation of hypusine in eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) is essential for cell viability. Recently, we showed that hypusine protein is an in vitro substrate for transglutaminases (TGases). We report the effect of tissue TGase expression on the in vivo hypusine metabolic pathway. The stable expression of tTGase in BALB/c 3T3 cells(More)