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The knowledge that very different processes such as normal and neoplastic cell growth, reproduction and death are dependent on the presence of adequate levels of transglutaminases (TGase: EC 2.3.2.13) and that they are capable of affecting the differentiation and proliferative capability of several cell types, has prompted a multitude of researchers to(More)
The identification of (gamma-glutamyl)polyamines in proteolytic digest of proteins from the cytosolic and particulate fractions of B16-F10 and B16-F10Lr6 cell lines, originating from a spontaneous tumor in C57BL/6 mice, indicates that polyamines are incorporated into melanoma cell proteins by transglutaminases (TGases-EC 2.3.2.13). The levels of(More)
Natural polyamines, i.e., putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are ubiquitous molecules essential for cell proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, the effect of polyamines on primary cultures of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs), rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs), and a human melanoma cell line was examined. While in the(More)
Incubation of chloroplasts of Helianthus tuberosus with labelled putrescine and/or spermidine and proteolytic digestion of their trichloroacetate-soluble and -insoluble proteins revealed the presence of N-(gamma-glutamyl)-putrescine, N1,N4-bis-(gamma-glutamyl)-putrescine and N1,N8-bis-(gamma-glutamyl)spermidine. This finding may be regarded as unequivocal(More)
We demonstrate that HIV-1 aspartyl protease (AP), the enzyme essential for the maturation of the AIDS virus, covalently incorporates spermidine catalyzed by guinea pig liver transglutaminase (TGase) and human coagulation factor XIIIa. Preliminary evidence indicates that there are at least three reactive glutamyl and lysyl residues in AP which act as acyl(More)
A selective and sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of the amino acid hypusine which occurs ubiquitously in mammalian cells and for the simultaneous measurement of its immediate precursor deoxyhypusine. These amino acids, after their ion-exchange separation from the bulk of other amino(More)
Previously published evidences highlighted the effect of transglutaminase (TG, EC 2.3.2.13) activation on the reduction of the in vitro adhesive and invasive behaviour of murine B16-F10 melanoma cells, as well as in vivo. Here, we investigated the influence of spermidine (SPD) incorporation by TG into basement membrane components i.e. laminin (LN) or(More)
We have previously demonstrated that when phospholipase A2 is treated with either tissue transglutaminase or human plasma Factor XIIIa, a striking increase of its catalytic activity is observed, due to the formation of an intramolecular epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)-lysine crosslink [Cordella-Miele et al. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 17180-17188]. Here, we report(More)
The role of post-translational modification of cell proteins with polyamines, a reaction catalyzed by a tissue tranglutaminase (TG, EC 2.3.2.13), in the induction of cell differentiation, represents an intriguing strategy to control cell proliferation and metastatic ability of different tumor cell lines. In this review, we focus our attention on the(More)