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The knowledge that very different processes such as normal and neoplastic cell growth, reproduction and death are dependent on the presence of adequate levels of transglutaminases (TGase: EC and that they are capable of affecting the differentiation and proliferative capability of several cell types, has prompted a multitude of researchers to(More)
AIMS Aloe-emodin (AE), a natural hydroxyanthraquinone compound, has been reported as a potential anticancer agent. We studied the antineoplastic properties of AE on highly metastatic B16-F10 melanoma murine cells. MAIN METHODS Cell proliferation was assessed by cell counting and viability was investigated using MTT and Trypan Bleu exclusion tests. As a(More)
The administration of mineral sulphur water is an alternative experimental approach for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, such as osteoarthritis (OA), that cause the degeneration of bone and cartilage and sufferance to the patients. Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a symptomatic slow acting nutropeucital agent currently used in molecular therapy of OA.(More)
The identification of (gamma-glutamyl)polyamines in proteolytic digest of proteins from the cytosolic and particulate fractions of B16-F10 and B16-F10Lr6 cell lines, originating from a spontaneous tumor in C57BL/6 mice, indicates that polyamines are incorporated into melanoma cell proteins by transglutaminases (TGases-EC The levels of(More)
Natural polyamines, i.e., putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are ubiquitous molecules essential for cell proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, the effect of polyamines on primary cultures of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs), rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs), and a human melanoma cell line was examined. While in the(More)
Incubation of chloroplasts of Helianthus tuberosus with labelled putrescine and/or spermidine and proteolytic digestion of their trichloroacetate-soluble and -insoluble proteins revealed the presence of N-(gamma-glutamyl)-putrescine, N1,N4-bis-(gamma-glutamyl)-putrescine and N1,N8-bis-(gamma-glutamyl)spermidine. This finding may be regarded as unequivocal(More)
Flavonoids belong to the class of plant polyphenolic compounds with over 6,000 individual structures known. These phytochemicals have attracted the interest of the scientists, because they possess a remarkable spectrum of biological activities, such as antiallergic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic. In this work, we compared(More)
In the presence of calcium ions, tissue transglutaminase catalyzes the polymerization of skeletal muscle troponin to high molecular weight insoluble aggregate. The specific action of transglutaminase is proved by the isolation of glutamyl-spermidine isopeptide derivatives. The process involves mainly the troponin T subunit (TnT), with formation of dimers(More)
We demonstrate that HIV-1 aspartyl protease (AP), the enzyme essential for the maturation of the AIDS virus, covalently incorporates spermidine catalyzed by guinea pig liver transglutaminase (TGase) and human coagulation factor XIIIa. Preliminary evidence indicates that there are at least three reactive glutamyl and lysyl residues in AP which act as acyl(More)
A selective and sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of the amino acid hypusine which occurs ubiquitously in mammalian cells and for the simultaneous measurement of its immediate precursor deoxyhypusine. These amino acids, after their ion-exchange separation from the bulk of other amino(More)