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Immature cells of etiolated apices of sprouts growing from Helianthus tuberosus (H. t.) tubers showed Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase (TG, EC 2.3.2.13) activity on fibronectin (more efficiently) and dimethylcasein as substrates. Three main TG bands of about 85, 75 and 58 kDa were isolated from the 100,000×g apices supernatant through a DEAE-cellulose column(More)
Inhibition of neuroexocytosis by tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) involves VAMP-2/synaptobrevin-2 cleavage. However, deletion of the TeNT activity does not completely abolish its inhibitory action. TeNT is a potent activator of the cross-linking enzyme transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) in vitro. The role of the latter mechanism in TeNT poisoning was investigated in(More)
Transglutaminases (TGs) are a large family of related and ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze the cross-linking of a glutaminyl residue of a protein/peptide substrate to a lysyl residue of a protein/peptide co-substrate. Considerable and intense progress has been made in the understanding of the chemistry, molecular biology and cell biology of TGs. The(More)
Polyamines may play an important role in brain development, mature brain function and also in neurodegenerative conditions. We investigated polyamine levels in frontal cortex of human post-mortem brain samples of elderly patients with Down syndrome (DS), Alzheimer disease (AD) and normal controls by means of chromatographic separation after dansylation.(More)
To establish a system to study differentiation therapy drugs, we used the androgen-independent human prostate PC-3 tumor cell line as a target and α- and γ-tocopherol as inducers. Effects of α- and γ-tocopherol on the cell cycle, proliferation and differentiation, were examined. A more significant growth inhibition activity for γ- than for α-tocopherol was(More)
This is the third special issue focused on “Transglutaminases” that is now available on this journal and dedicated to one of the pioneers of these enzymes, John Edward Folk, who died December 2010 [see in this issue Beninati et al. 2012a]. The first edition, “Polyamines and Transglutaminases” was published in Amino Acids, vol 26, no. 4, 2004, with the(More)
The ability to metastasize represents the most important characteristic of malignant tumors. The biological details of the metastatic process remain somewhat unknown, due to difficulties in studying tumor cell behaviour with high spatial and temporal resolution in vivo. Several lines of evidence involve transglutaminases (TGs) in the key stages of tumor(More)
The role of tissue transglutaminase (TG-2, TGase-2) in cancer development is still a fascinating field of research. The available reports do not elucidate fully its mechanism of action, due to the limitations of in vitro approaches. Therefore, to understand TG-2 role in cancer, we carried out an in vivo study with a more direct approach. TG-2 was in vivo(More)
Aloin, a natural anthracycline from aloe plant, is a hydroxyanthraquinone derivative shown to have antitumor properties. This study demonstrated that aloin exerted inhibition of cell proliferation, adhesion and invasion abilities of B16-F10 melanoma cells under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Furthermore, aloin induced melanoma cell differentiation through(More)
Gluten-induced aggregation of K562 cells represents an in vitro model reproducing the early steps occurring in the small bowel of celiac patients exposed to gliadin. Despite the clear involvement of TG2 in the activation of the antigen-presenting cells, it is not yet clear in which compartment it occurs. Herein we study the calcium-dependent aggregation of(More)