Simone Baltrusch

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Translation of genetic association signals into molecular mechanisms for diabetes has been slow. The glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP; gene symbol GCKR) P446L variant, associated with inverse modulation of glucose- and lipid-related traits, has been shown to alter the kinetics of glucokinase (GCK) inhibition. As GCK inhibition is associated with nuclear(More)
The bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase-2) was recently identified as a new intracellular binding partner for glucokinase (GK). Therefore, we studied the importance of this interaction for the activity status of GK and glucose metabolism in insulin-producing cells by overexpression of the rat liver and(More)
The glucokinase regulatory protein (GRP) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of metabolic flux in liver by the glucose-phosphorylating enzyme glucokinase. Random peptide phage display library screening for binding partners of GRP allowed the identification of an asparagine-leucine consensus motif. Asparagine-leucine motifs of glucokinase located in the(More)
The low affinity glucose-phosphorylating enzyme glucokinase shows the phenomenon of intracellular translocation in beta cells of the pancreas and the liver. To identify potential binding partners of glucokinase by a systematic strategy, human beta cell glucokinase was screened by a 12-mer random peptide library displayed by the M13 phage. This panning(More)
The association of glucokinase with liver mitochondria has been reported [Danial et al. (2003) BAD and glucokinase reside in a mitochondrial complex that integrates glycolysis and apoptosis. Nature 424, 952-956]. We confirmed association of glucokinase immunoreactivity with rat liver mitochondria using Percoll gradient centrifugation and demonstrated its(More)
Glucokinase (GK) plays a crucial role as glucose sensor in glucose-induced insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. The bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase-2) acts as an endogenous GK activator. Therefore, the goal of this study was the analysis of GK-PFK-2/FBPase-2 complex formation and its effect on(More)
The association of glucokinase with insulin secretory granules has been shown by cell microscopy techniques. We used MIN6 insulin-secretory cells and organelle fractionation to determine the effects of glucose on the subcellular distribution of glucokinase. After permeabilization with digitonin, 50% of total glucokinase remained bound intracellularly, while(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cause a variety of pathologic phenotypes. In this study, we used conplastic mouse strains to characterize the impact of a mtDNA mutation in the Atp8 gene on β-cell function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, β-cell mass, and glucose metabolism in response to high-fat diet (HFD). In comparison with B6-mt(AKR)(More)
BACKGROUND The alterations of subbasal nerve plexus (SBP) innervation and corneal sensation were estimated non-invasively and compared with the values in healthy volunteers. Additionally, this study addressed the relation of SBP changes to the retinal status, glycemic control and diabetes duration. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Eighteen eyes of diabetic(More)
Systems biology takes an interdisciplinary approach to the systematic study of complex interactions in biological systems. This approach seeks to decipher the emergent behaviors of complex systems rather than focusing only on their constituent properties. As an increasing number of examples illustrate the value of systems biology approaches to understand(More)