Simone Allegrini

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5'-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside (AICA riboside) has been previously shown to be toxic to two neuronal cell models [Neuroreport 11 (2000) 1827]. In this paper we demonstrate that AICA riboside promotes apoptosis in undifferentiated human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y), inducing a raise in caspase-3 activity. In order to exert its effect on viability,(More)
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a metabolic-neurological syndrome caused by the X-linked deficiency of the purine salvage enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT). Metabolic consequences of HGPRT deficiency have been clarified, but the connection with the neurological manifestations is still unknown. Much effort has been directed to finding(More)
IMP/GMP preferring cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase II (cN-II) is a bifunctional enzyme whose activities and expression play crucial roles in nucleotide pool maintenance, nucleotide-dependent pathways and programmed cell death. Alignment of primary amino acid sequences of cN-II from human and other organisms show a strong conservation throughout the entire(More)
BACKGROUND As epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is involved in the pathogenesis of malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPMs), the anti-EGFR drugs may be effective in treating MPM patients. Mutations of the EGFR gene or its downstream effectors may cause constitutive activation leading to cell proliferation, and the inhibition of apoptosis and metastases.(More)
Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase II is a widespread IMP hydrolyzing enzyme, essential for cell vitality, whose role in nucleotide metabolism and cell function is still to be exactly determined. Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase overexpression and silencing have both been demonstrated to be toxic for mammalian cultured cells. In order to ascertain the effect of enzyme(More)
Adenosine deaminase, which catalyzes the deamination of adenosine and deoxyadenosine, plays a central role in purine metabolism. Indeed, its deficiency is associated with severe immunodeficiency and abnormalities in the functioning of many organs, including nervous system. We have mimicked an adenosine deaminase-deficient situation by incubating a human(More)
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