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In addition to the linear electron flow, a cyclic electron flow (CEF) around photosystem I occurs in chloroplasts. In CEF, electrons flow back from the donor site of photosystem I to the plastoquinone pool via two main routes: one that involves the Proton Gradient Regulation5 (PGR5)/PGRL1 complex (PGR) and one that is dependent of the NADH(More)
Chemiluminescence detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS) triggered in tobacco BY-2 cells by the fungal elicitor cryptogein was previously demonstrated to be abolished in cells transformed with an antisense construct of the plasma membrane NADPH oxidase, NtrbohD. Here, using electron microscopy, it has been confirmed that the first hydrogen peroxide(More)
A large body of evidence from the past decade supports the existence, in membrane from animal and yeast cells, of functional microdomains playing important roles in protein sorting, signal transduction, or infection by pathogens. In plants, as previously observed for animal microdomains, detergent-resistant fractions, enriched in sphingolipids and sterols,(More)
Sunflower, as one of the most important oil-producing crops, represents an important target for genetic improvement through gene transfer or somatic hybridization. Unfortunately, sunflower is recognized as recalcitrant to in vitro culture. The aim of our paper was to improve sunflower protoplast regeneration. Three cultivars (Romanian hybrids) and one(More)
F-box protein genes family is one of the largest gene families in plants, with almost 700 predicted genes in the model plant Arabidopsis. F-box proteins are key components of the ubiquitin proteasome system that allows targeted protein degradation. Transcriptome analyses indicate that half of these F-box protein genes are found expressed in microspore(More)
Wild sunflower species served as genetic base for the modern sunflower. Cultivated sunflower was selected from a very narrow genetic base. Enlarging the genetic base will allow it to be better adapted to environmental conditions. Many wild species are used to introduce useful traits, such as disease resistance (Phomopsis stem cancer, Sclerotinia wilt),(More)
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7265, Biologie Végétale et Microbiologie Environnementales, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France (A.C., S.V., N.B.-L., M.H., P.R., D.R.); Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique, Institut de Biologie Environnementale et Biotechnologie, Service de Biologie Végétale et Microbiologie(More)
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