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Bacterial L-asparaginases are amidohydrolases that catalyse the conversion of L-asparagine to L-aspartate and ammonia and are used as anti-cancer drugs. The current members of this class of drugs have several toxic side effects mainly due to their associated glutaminase activity. In the present study, we report the molecular cloning, biochemical(More)
The growth and motility factor hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor MET, the tyrosine kinase encoded by the c-MET proto-oncogene, exert major roles in cancer invasion and metastasis and are key targets for therapy. NK1 is an alternative spliced variant of HGF/SF that consists of the N-terminal (N) and first kringle (K1) domains(More)
Previously we reported that dietary intake of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) reduces atherogenesis and inhibits arterial thrombosis. Here, we analyze the substantial increase in platelet count induced by ALA and the mechanisms of reduced platelet clearance. Eight-week-old male apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice were fed a 0.21g% cholesterol diet(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major human pathogen causing chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. One of the mechanisms whereby it induces damage depends on its interference with proliferation of host tissues. We here describe the discovery of a novel bacterial factor able to inhibit the(More)
BACKGROUND Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces body weight and cardiovascular mortality in morbidly obese patients. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) seems to mediate the metabolic benefits of RYGB partly in a weight loss-independent manner. The present study investigated in rats and patients whether obesity-induced endothelial and high-density(More)
Dronedarone has been associated with a reduced number of first hospitalisation due to acute coronary syndromes. Whether this is only due to the reduction in ventricular heart rate and blood pressure or whether other effects of dronedarone may be involved is currently elusive. This study was designed to investigate the role of dronedarone in arterial(More)
Effects of Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) in particular on the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are of major interest. Many experimental studies reported their anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic properties and suggested favourable effects on the prevention of CVD. While the majority of former studies showed a benefit of n-3(More)
Aims The lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) promotes endothelial uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and plays an important role in atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, its role in arterial thrombus formation remains unknown. We investigated whether LOX-1 plays a role in arterial thrombus formation in vivo at(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is inversely related to cardiovascular risk. HDL-C raising ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors, are novel therapeutics. We studied the effects of CETP inhibitors anacetrapib and evacetrapib on triglycerides, cholesterol and lipoproteins, cholesterol efflux, paraoxonase activity (PON-1),(More)