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Two repeated DNA sequences isolated from a partial genomic DNA library of Helianthus annuus, p HaS13 and p HaS211, were shown to represent portions of the int gene of a Ty3 /gypsy retroelement and of the RNase-Hgene of a Ty1 /copia retroelement, respectively. Southern blotting patterns obtained by hybridizing the two probes to BglII- or DraI-digested(More)
Samples of heart, tongue, oesophagus and diaphragm muscle from twenty-two naturally infected roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) harvested in central Italy were examined for sarcosporidiasis. The structure of Sarcocystis spp. muscle cysts was examined by light and electron microscopy. Only one type of thin-walled cyst was distinguished by light microscopy.(More)
Comparisons of DNA sequences among evolutionarily distantly related genomes permit identification of conserved functional regions in noncoding DNA. Hox genes are highly conserved in vertebrates, occur in clusters, and are uninterrupted by other genes. We aligned (PipMaker) the nucleotide sequences of the HoxA clusters of tilapia, pufferfish, striped bass,(More)
p28 is a 28-amino acid peptide fragment of the cupredoxin azurin derived from Pseudomonas aeruginosa that preferentially penetrates cancerous cells and arrests their proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Its antitumor activity reportedly arises from post-translational stabilization of the tumor suppressor p53 normally downregulated by the binding of several(More)
BACKGROUND TP53 tumor suppressor gene is mutated in more than 50% of human tumors. Mutated p53 proteins could sequestrate and inactivate p73 reducing the apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects of the transcription factor, and yielding cancer cells more aggressive and chemoresistant. The possibility of using drugs to prevent the mutant p53/p73 complex(More)
Two repeated DNA sequences, pHaS13 and pHaS211, which revealed similarity to the int gene of Ty3-gypsy retrotransposons and the RNAse-H gene of Ty1-copia retroelements, respectively, were surveyed in Asteraceae species and within the genus Helianthus. Southern analysis of the genome of selected Asteraceae that belong to different tribes showed that pHaS13-(More)
BACKGROUND A 28 amino-acid (aa) cell-penetrating peptide (p28) derived from azurin, a redox protein secreted from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, produces a post-translational increase in p53 in cancer cells by inhibiting its ubiquitination. METHODS In silico computational simulations were used to predict motifs within the p53(More)
Recent experimental data reveal that the peptide fragment of Azurin called p28, constituted by the amino acid residues from 50 to 77 of the whole protein, retains both the Azurin cellular penetration ability and antiproliferative activity. p28 is hypothesized to act by stabilizing the well-known tumour suppressor p53 via a pathway independent from the(More)
β2-Microglobulin (B2M) is a human protein involved in the regulation of immune response and represents a useful biomarker for several diseases. Recently, anti-B2M monoclonal antibodies have been introduced as innovative therapeutic agents. A deeper understanding of the molecular interaction between the two partners could be of utmost relevance for both(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations within the DNA binding domain (DBD) of the tumor suppressor p53 are found in >50% of human cancers and may significantly modify p53 secondary structure impairing its function. p28, an amphipathic cell-penetrating peptide, binds to the DBD through hydrophobic interaction and induces a posttranslational increase in wildtype and mutant p53(More)