Simona Ricciardi

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PURPOSE Selecting patients according to key genetic characteristics may help to tailor chemotherapy and optimize the treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Polymorphisms at the xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD), excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1), and cytidine deaminase (CDA) genes have been associated with alterations in enzymatic(More)
Because the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib and the multitargeted antifolate pemetrexed are registered in the treatment of second-line non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), empirical combinations of these drugs are being tested. This study investigated molecular mechanisms underlying their combination in six NSCLC(More)
PURPOSE Standard treatments have modest effect against pancreatic cancer, and current research focuses on agents targeting molecular pathways involved in tumor growth and angiogenesis. This study investigated the interactions between ZD6474, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase activities of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and epidermal growth(More)
Gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) (GEM) is one of the most actively investigated drugs in ovarian cancer. Many molecular mechanisms have been proposed to be involved in GEM sensitivity/resistance including the equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1), the concentrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hCNT1), and deoxycytidine kinase (dCK). The(More)
Oxaliplatin effect in the treatment of colorectal cancer is improved upon combination with thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitors. Pemetrexed is polyglutamated by the folylpolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) and blocks folate metabolism and DNA synthesis by inhibiting TS, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT). The(More)
Irinotecan is a topoisomerase-I (Top-I) inhibitor used for the treatment of colorectal cancer. DNA demethylating agents, including 5-azacytidine (5-aza), display synergistic antitumor activity with several chemotherapy drugs. 5-Aza may enhance irinotecan cytotoxicity by at least one of the following mechanisms: (a) Top-I promoter demethylation, (b)(More)
Gemcitabine is an inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase (RR) and DNA polymerization with promising activity in hematologic malignancies. Gemcitabine enters the cell mostly via the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1), while drug metabolism occurs by phosphorylation by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), 5'-nucleotidase (cN-II) and cytidine deaminase(More)
Gemcitabine (2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine) (GEM) has been demonstrated to be active in the salvage setting of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. A 57-year-old woman, with a diagnosis of FIGO Stage IIIC clear cell OC, judged inoperable to optimal residual tumor, was administered neo-adjuvant chemotherapy with carboplatin/paclitaxel/topotecan, and cytoreduction.(More)
INTRODUCTION Lung cancer is one of the most lethal tumors and, although standard chemotherapy produces clinical response, there has been little improvement in prognosis. Therefore, research effort has focused on target-specific agents, such as sorafenib, which blocks both the RAF/MEK/ERK signalling pathways and receptors involved in neovascularization and(More)
A key focus of research on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is identifying new techniques to tailor gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil treatments. Availability of tumor tissue is critical for the accurate assessment of gene expression, and laser microdissection (LMD) and primary cell cultures may be useful tools to separate tumor cells from the stromal(More)