Simona Porru

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Despite the critical role attributed to phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated kinase (pERK1/2) in the nucleus accumbens (Acb) in the actions of addictive drugs, the effects of morphine on ERK1/2 phosphorylation in this area are still controversial. In order to investigate further this issue, we studied (1) the ability of morphine to affect ERK1/2(More)
After decades of uncertainties and drawbacks, the study on the role and significance of acetaldehyde in the effects of ethanol seemed to have found its main paths. Accordingly, the effects of acetaldehyde, after its systemic or central administration and as obtained following ethanol metabolism, looked as they were extensively characterized. However, almost(More)
In spite of the global reputation of ethanol as the psychopharmacologically active ingredient of alcoholic drinks, the neurobiological basis of the central effects of ethanol still presents some dark sides due to a number of unanswered questions related to both its precise mechanism of action and its metabolism. Accordingly, ethanol represents the(More)
Subfractionation of the optic tectum in chick embryos results in the isolation of two fractions enriched in synaptosomes (fraction A and fraction B). In chicks after hatching, this fractionation results in the isolation of a single synaptosomal fraction (fraction B) and of a fraction enriched in myelin membranes devoid of synaptosomes (fraction A). The(More)
Corticosterone has been shown to affect several patterns of glial cell and neuronal development. We have previously reported that exogenously administered corticosterone preferentially accumulated into the retinas of 8-day-old chick embryos. Moreover, we observed that it affects muscarinic cholinergic binding. Thus, we investigated the effect of different(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) phosphorylation is critical for neuronal and behavioural functions; in particular, phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK1/2) expression in the nucleus accumbens (Acb) of the rat is stimulated by addictive drugs with the exception of morphine, which decreases accumbal ERK1/2 phosphorylation in the Sprague-Dawley and(More)
The oxidative metabolism of ethanol into acetaldehyde involves several enzymes, including alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and catalase-hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). In this regard, while it is well known that 4-methylpyrazole (4-MP) acts by inhibiting ADH in the liver, little attention has been placed on its ability to interfere with fatty acid oxidation-mediated(More)
The involvement of mitogen-activating extracellular kinase (MEK) in place conditioning may vary depending on the motivational sign (positive or negative) and nature (pharmacological or nociceptive) of the unconditioned stimulus (US) and on the phase (acquisition or expression) of the learning process. This study investigated the role of MEK on the(More)
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