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SH3 domains are peptide recognition modules that mediate the assembly of diverse biological complexes. We scanned billions of phage-displayed peptides to map the binding specificities of the SH3 domain family in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Although most of the SH3 domains fall into the canonical classes I and II, each domain utilizes(More)
A substantial fraction of protein interactions in the cell is mediated by families of protein modules binding to relatively short linear peptides. Many of these interactions have a high dissociation constant and are therefore suitable for supporting the formation of dynamic complexes that are assembled and disassembled during signal transduction. Extensive(More)
A substantial proportion of protein interactions relies on small domains binding to short peptides in the partner proteins. Many of these interactions are relatively low affinity and transient, and they impact on signal transduction. However, neither the number of potential interactions mediated by each domain nor the degree of promiscuity at a whole(More)
SH3 domains constitute a family of protein-protein interaction modules that bind to peptides displaying an X-proline-X-X-proline (XPXXP) consensus. We report that the SH3 domain of Eps8, a substrate of receptor and non-receptor tyrosine kinases, displays a novel and unique binding preference. By a combination of approaches including (i) screening of(More)
Protein interaction domain families that modulate the formation of macromolecular complexes recognize specific sequence or structural motifs. For instance SH3 and WW domains bind to polyproline peptides while SH2 and FHA domains bind to peptides phosphorylated in Tyr and Thr respectively. Within each family, variations in the chemical characteristics of the(More)
Understanding the consequences on host physiology induced by viral infection requires complete understanding of the perturbations caused by virus proteins on the cellular protein interaction network. The VirusMINT database (http://mint.bio.uniroma2.it/virusmint/) aims at collecting all protein interactions between viral and human proteins reported in the(More)
In higher eukaryotes, 14-3-3 proteins participate in numerous cellular processes, and carry out their function through a variety of different molecular mechanisms, including regulation of protein localization and enzyme activation. Here, it is shown that the two yeast 14-3-3 homologues, Bmh1p and Bmh2p, form a complex with neutral trehalase (Nth1p), an(More)
The mapping of monoclonal antibody epitopes is now predominantly carried out using molecular diversity techniques, phage display in particular. However, until very recently, phage display methods have been inappropriate for the analysis of epitopes that require a free carboxy terminus. Here we describe the use of two different techniques to analyze the(More)
Filamentous phage has been extensively used to implement various aspects of phage display technology. The success of these organisms as vectors to present foreign peptides and to link them to their coding sequences is a consequence of their structural and biological characteristics. Some of these properties, however, represent a limitation when one attempts(More)
Large-scale interaction studies contribute the largest fraction of protein interactions information in databases. However, co-purification of non-specific or indirect ligands, often results in data sets that are affected by a considerable number of false positives. For the fraction of interactions mediated by short linear peptides, we present here a(More)