Simona I. Chisalita

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Micro- and macroangiopathy are major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. Our aim was to characterize IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and insulin receptor (IR) in human micro- and macrovascular endothelial cells. Cultured human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) and human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) were used. Gene expression(More)
Vascular complications are common in diabetes. IGF-I receptors (IGF-IR) and insulin receptors (IR) in endothelial cells might respond to altered levels of IGF-I and insulin, resulting in altered endothelial function in diabetes. We therefore studied IGF-IR and IR gene expression, ligand binding, receptor protein, and phosphorylation in human umbilical vein(More)
Hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance, as well as low IGF-I, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Little is known about direct effects of IGF-I and insulin on human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMCs). Our aim was to characterise the expression and function of IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and insulin receptor (IR) in(More)
Whether insulin, at physiological concentrations, has direct effects on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remains controversial. Our aim was to characterize the mechanism for insulin resistance in VSMCs. For comparison, the effects of IGF1 and IGF2 were also studied. Cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC) were used. Receptor mRNA was analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary artery disease is a prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetes. Little is known about insulin-like growth factor-I receptors (IGF-IR) and insulin receptors (IR) in human coronary endothelium. Our aim was to characterize IGF-IR and IR in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). DESIGN Cultured human coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVE There are conflicting results regarding the association of circulating IGF1 with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. We assessed the relationship between IGF1 levels and heart failure (HF), ischemic heart disease (IHD), and CV mortality in an elderly population taking into account the possible impact of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)(More)
Our aim was to study, at the same glycemic control, how treatment with either the insulin secretagogue repaglinide or exogenous insulin aspart affects endogenous insulin secretion, plasma insulin and IAPP (islet amyloid polypeptide) levels, GH-IGF (growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor) axis and plasma lipoprotein concentrations in patients with type 2(More)
The objective of the following work was to study the apoptosis inducing effect of puromycin in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and compare this effect with cycloheximide and emetine, 2 other inhibitors of protein synthesis. We also wished to investigate if the apoptosis modulating effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was similar for the 3 inhibitors. An(More)
Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) are sensitive to IGF-I but insulin resistant and express several times more IGF-I receptors (IGF-IR) than insulin receptors (IR). Our aim was to investigate the mechanism of this insulin resistance in cultured HMVEC by studying receptor activation and signal propagation downstream. The IGF-IR beta-subunit and(More)
Diabetes is associated with microcirculatory dysfunction and heart failure and changes in insulin and IGF1 levels. Whether human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC-Cs) are sensitive to insulin and/or IGF1 is not known. We studied the role of insulin receptors (IRs) and IGF1 receptors (IGF1Rs) in metabolic, mitogenic and anti-inflammatory(More)