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OBJECTIVES Diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP/ES) can be associated with unforeseeable complications, especially when involving postprocedural pancreatitis. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for complications of ERCP/ES in a prospective multicentric study. METHODS One hundred fifty variables(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM The identification of factors which increase the risk of acute pancreatitis, the most common and most severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is of considerable importance. However, in four large prospective studies, the reported incidence of identified risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and endoscopic cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) are the most frequently employed second-step procedures to detect biliary and pancreatic abnormalities in patients with acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) of unknown aetiology. MRCP and EUS both give a better view(More)
We examined the burden of large, rare, copy-number variants (CNVs) in 192 individuals with renal hypodysplasia (RHD) and replicated findings in 330 RHD cases from two independent cohorts. CNV distribution was significantly skewed toward larger gene-disrupting events in RHD cases compared to 4,733 ethnicity-matched controls (p = 4.8 × 10(-11)). This excess(More)
OBJECTIVES A continuous 13-h infusion of gabexate starting 30-90 min before endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can reduce postprocedural pancreatitis, the onset of which is generally observed within the first 6 h after ERCP. This study was designed to verify whether a 6.5-h infusion of gabexate was as effective as a 13-h infusion, at the same(More)
OBJECTIVES Persistently high serum pancreatic enzymes in asymptomatic subjects are considered a benign idiopathic condition called "non-pathological chronic pancreatic hyperenzymemia" (CPH). However, recent studies with advanced imaging techniques have brought to light abnormal pancreatic findings in a significant proportion of these subjects. The objective(More)
BACKGROUND Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction plays an important etiologic role in idiopathic acute recurrent pancreatitis. Sphincter of Oddi manometry is the most accurate test of sphincter of Oddi function, but it is associated with an increased risk of post-procedure pancreatitis and is non-diagnostic in about a third of cases. Secretin MRCP has a diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Data about small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) come from studies involving small and highly selected populations. The study aim was to describe extent of use, indications, results, complications, and practical issues of SBCE in clinical practice in a Northern Italian Region (Lombardia). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three out of 29(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with recurrent pancreatitis of unknown etiology and nondilated ducts, accurate morphofunctional evaluation of the pancreaticobiliary ductal system and sphincter of Oddi function is important in the diagnostic workup. However, ERCP and sphincter of Oddi manometry may be nondiagnostic and postprocedure complications may be frequent. (More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Several drugs have been used for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis with conflicting results and no data referring to the routine use of a pharmacological prophylaxis have been published up to now. Aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of post-ERCP pancreatitis and costs in a series of consecutive patients who have(More)