Simona Cosentino

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BACKGROUND Use of peripheral blood- or bone marrow-derived progenitors for ischemic heart repair is a feasible option to induce neo-vascularization in ischemic tissues. These cells, named Endothelial Progenitors Cells (EPCs), have been extensively characterized phenotypically and functionally. The clinical efficacy of cardiac repair by EPCs cells remains,(More)
mRNA from normal Chinese hamster embryo (CHE) cells was transcribed to cDNA and subtracted with an excess of mRNA from Chinese hamster embryo cells transformed by nickel compounds. Here we report the recovery of a sequence found to be highly homologous to the mouse thrombospondin 1 gene that was obtained by this subtraction procedure. Since thrombospondin(More)
Blood levels of extracellular nucleotides (e.g. ATP) are greatly increased during heart ischaemia, but, despite the presence of their specific receptors on cardiomyocytes (both P2X and P2Y subtypes), their effects on the subsequent myocardial damage are still unknown. In this study, we aimed at investigating the role of ATP and specific P2 receptors in the(More)
Humans are exposed to carcinogenic nickel (Ni) compounds both occupationally and environmentally. In this paper, molecular mechanisms of nickel carcinogenesis are considered from the point-of-view of the uptake of nickel sulfide particles in cells, their dissolution and their effects on heterochromatin. Molecular mechanisms by which nickel induces gene(More)
We previously showed that the human heart expresses all known P2X and P2Y receptors activated by extra-cellular adenine or uracil nucleotides. Despite evidence that, both in humans and rodents, plasma levels of ATP and UTP markedly increase during myocardial infarction, the differential effects mediated by the various adenine- and uracil-preferring(More)
Metals are toxic agents for which genotoxic effects are often difficult to demonstrate. To study metal mutagenesis, we have used two stable hprt/gpt+ transgenic cell lines that were derived from Chinese hamster V79 cells. Both the G12 and G10 cell lines are known to be very sensitive to clastogens such as X-rays and bleomycin, with the mutagenic response of(More)
Using a procedure aimed at isolation of genes that are inactivated during nickel-induced carcinogenesis in Chinese hamster cells, a homolog of genes encoding human and mouse heme containing peroxidases has been cloned. Northern blot analysis of normal cultured fibroblasts and two nickel-transformed cell lines confirmed that this gene was expressed in normal(More)
GPR17 is a G(i) -coupled dual receptor activated by uracil-nucleotides and cysteinyl-leukotrienes. These mediators are massively released into hypoxic tissues. In the normal heart, GPR17 expression has been reported. By contrast, its role in myocardial ischaemia has not yet been assessed. In the present report, the expression of GPR17 was investigated in(More)
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