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It has been previously demonstrated that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) regulates insulin secretion. PACAP exerts its biological action by binding to at least three different receptor subtypes coupled to different signal transduction mechanisms. The signaling pathways underlying the insulinotropic effect of PACAP involve mainly(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of stroke, traumatic brain injuries, and neurodegenerative diseases affecting both neuronal and glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS). The tumor suppressor protein p53 plays a pivotal function in neuronal apoptosis triggered by oxidative stress. We investigated the role of p53 and related(More)
During ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), cardiomyocytes are exposed to sudden lack of nutrients and successively to radical oxygen species (ROS). In the present study, we used the HL-5 cardiac atrial myocyte cell line exposed to serum/glucose depletion added or not in H(2)O(2) to mimic ROS during ischemia, then replaced in their standard culture medium to(More)
CONTEXT It is worth noting that islets and betaTC6-F7 cells share a common pattern of expression of neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors. Recently, several studies have hypothesized a role for nerve growth factor in pancreatic development and maturation, suggesting that nerve growth factor may be a survival factor for pancreatic beta-cells. OBJECTIVE(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinases such as ERK1 [p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)] and ERK2 (p42 MAPK) are activated in the CNS under physiological and pathological conditions such as ischemia and epilepsy. Here, we studied the activation state of ERK1/2 in rat hippocampal slices during application of the K(+) channel blocker 4-aminopyridine(More)
Using primary cultures of human pancreatic islets, purified human pancreatic beta cells and the mouse βTC6-F7 cell line, we analysed the expression of nerve growth factor, (NGF/NGF) receptors in beta cells. To investigate whether NGF could sub-serve an autocrine antiapoptotic role in beta cells, we studied the effects of NGF withdrawal using a neutralizing(More)
It has been previously demonstrated that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) regulates insulin secretion. PACAP exerts its biological action by binding to at least three different receptor subtypes coupled to different signal transduction mechanisms. The signaling pathways underlying the insulinotropic effect of PACAP involve mainly(More)
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are a family of pore-forming proteins encoded by different genes, with at least three protein products expressed in mammalian tissues. The major recognized functional role of VDACs is to permit the almost free permeability of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). Although VDAC1 is the best known among VDAC(More)
In this study we report that apoptotic death of primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons is accompanied by release of thioflavin-binding proteins - indicative of the presence of beta-sheet structures - and fibril formation in the culture medium. When the same neurons are subjected to an excytotoxic death caused by 100 microM glutamate exposure, the(More)
It has been previously demonstrated that pituitary adenylate cy-clase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) regulates insulin secretion. PACAP exerts its biological action by binding to at least three different receptor subtypes coupled to different signal transduction mechanisms. The signaling pathways underlying the insulinotropic effect of PACAP involve mainly(More)
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