Learn More
It is estimated that 10–15 % of all clinically recognised pregnancies results in a miscarriage, most of which occur during the first trimester. Large-scale chromosomal abnormalities have been found in up to 50 % of first-trimester spontaneous abortions and, for several decades, standard cytogenetic analysis has been used for their identification. Recent(More)
The majority of deletions of the short arm of chromosome 5 are associated with cri du chat syndrome (CdCS) and patients show phenotypic and cytogenetic variability. To perform a genotype-phenotype correlation, 80 patients from the Italian CdCS Register were analysed. Molecular cytogenetic analysis showed that 62 patients (77.50%) had a 5p terminal deletion(More)
Transient myeloid disorder is a unique self-regressing neoplasia specific to Down's syndrome. The transcription factor GATA1 is needed for normal growth and maturation of erythroid cells and megakaryocytes. Mutations in GATA1 have been reported in acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia in Down's syndrome. We aimed to investigate changes in GATA1 in patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform an extensive search for genomic rearrangements by microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization in patients with epilepsy. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Epilepsy centers in Italy. PATIENTS Two hundred seventy-nine patients with unexplained epilepsy, 265 individuals with nonsyndromic mental retardation but no(More)
Mental retardation, facial dysmorphisms, seizures, and brain abnormalities are features of 6q terminal deletions. We have ascertained five patients with 6q subtelomere deletions (four de novo, one as a result of an unbalanced translocation) and determined the size of the deletion ranging from 3 to 13 Mb. Our patients showed a recognizable phenotype(More)
Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) is a unique, spontaneously regressing neoplasia specific to Down's syndrome (DS), affecting up to 10% of DS neonates. In 20-30% of cases, it reoccurs as progressive acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia (AMKL) at 2-4 years of age. The TMD and AMKL blasts are morphologically and immuno-phenotypically identical, and have(More)
Subtelomeric terminal 6p deletion has been recognized as a clinically identifiable syndrome including facial dysmorphism, malformation of the anterior eye chamber, hearing loss, heart defects, and developmental delay. Genotype-phenotype correlations of previously published patients have strongly suggested anterior eye segment anomalies as one of the major(More)
In Down syndrome (DS) brain an early, selective accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides ending at residue 42 (Abeta42) occurs. Whether this event depends on an altered processing of amyloid beta precursor protein (APP) or on defective clearance is uncertain. To investigate this issue, we measured Abeta species 40 and 42 in plasma from 61 patients with(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the experiences of 19 Italian laboratories concerning 241 small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) with the aim of answering questions arising from their origin from any chromosome, their variable size and genetic content, and their impact on the carrier's phenotype. METHODS Conventional protocols were used to set up the(More)
PURPOSE Several studies attempted to clarify the genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with inverted duplication of chromosome 15 [inv dup(15)], which is usually characterized by severe mental retardation and epilepsy in individuals with large duplications including the Prader-Willi/Angelman region. We report two patients with inv dup(15) who, in(More)