Simona Castaldi

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Biochar has been recently proposed as a management strategy to improve crop productivity and global warming mitigation. However, the effect of such approach on soil greenhouse gas fluxes is highly uncertain and few data from field experiments are available. In a field trial, cultivated with wheat, biochar was added to the soil (3 or 6 kg m(-2)) in two(More)
The present work aims at evaluating the effect of cycloheximide at concentrations of between 0.5 and 5mgg–1 on N2O and NO3 – production in two slightly alkaline soils, sampled from deciduous woodland and arable cultivation. In the first experiment, peptone was used as the “inducing substrate” for heterotrophic activity, and soil was incubated with(More)
The main factors influencing the variability of nitrification and denitrification enzyme activity (DEA), in soil of a Mediterranean shrubland, were investigated in an undisturbed area and in plots treated with experimental fires of two different intensities. Soil was sampled 4 times during 1 year after burning, in periods characterised by different(More)
The present study investigates the impact of fire (low and high severity) on soil fungal abundance and microbial efficiency in C assimilation and mineralisation in a Mediterranean maquis area of Southern Italy over 2 years after fire. In burned and control soils total and active fungal mycelium, microbial biomass C, percentage of microbial biomass C present(More)
Nitrification is a key biological process for the control of soil NO3 − availability and N losses from terrestrial ecosystems. The study investigates the causes for the absence of net nitrification activity in the soil of a Mediterranean monospecific woodland of Arbutus unedo, focusing in particular on the possible role of chemicals produced by this plant.(More)
In the present work, the CH4 sink associated to Italian soils was calculated by using a process-based model controlled by gas diffusivity and microbial activity, which was run by using a raster-based geographical information system. Georeferenced data included land cover CLC2000, soil properties from the European Soil Database, climatic data from the(More)
Variations in stable carbon and oxygen isotope compositions of co-occurring plant species reflect their different water use strategies and indicate the importance of screening species’ WUE i to plan climate change adaptation strategies. The different abilities of plant species to cope with drought have been associated with structural and ecophysiological(More)
 The experiment, carried out on a forest and arable light-textured soil, was designed to study the temperature response of autotrophic and heterotrophic N2O production and investigate how the N2O flux relates to soil respiration and O2 consumption. Although N2O production seemed to be stimulated by a temperature increase in both soils, the relationship(More)
The antibiotic block technique is used to distinguish between fungal and bacterial induced activity. In the present study, the antibiotic inhibition of peptone-induced NO3− production was tested across a soil moisture gradient. Soil was incubated at 60, 80, 90 and 100% water-filled pore space (WFPS) and as a water slurry. Peptone was used as the substrate(More)