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Two different isoforms of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Glc6PDH; EC 1.1.1.49) have been partially purified from barley (Hordeum vulgare L., cv. Alfeo) roots. The procedure included an ammonium sulfate step, Q-Sepharose and Reactive Blue agarose chromatography, and led to 60-fold and 150-fold purification for the two enzymes, respectively. The Glc6PDH 1(More)
We analyzed the effects of deprivation and subsequent restoration of sulphate (S) in the nutrient solution on cysteine (Cys) and O-acetyl-L-serine (OAS) levels in Chlorella sorokiniana (211/8k). The removal of S from the culture medium caused a time-dependent increase in O-acetyl-L-serine(thiol)lyase (OASTL) activity and a decrease in soluble proteins(More)
Barley plants (Hordeum vutgare L.) grown for 10 d in nitrogen-free hydroponic culture, after a rapid initial phase absorbed supplied NH4 (+) at a constant rate of 15.1 ±1.2 μ mol h(-1) g(-1) f. wt in the light, arid at a rate of 13.81 ± 1.6 μ mol h(-1) g(-1) f. wt in darkness. Ammonium-grown plants assimilated NH4 (+) at a rate of 7.5 ± 0.33 μmol h-1 g(-1)(More)
In barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. Nure), glutamate synthesis and the production of reducing power by the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP) are strictly correlated biochemical processes. NADH-GOGAT was the major root isoform, whose activity increased on a medium supplied with NH4+ or NO3-; by contrast, no noticeable variations could be observed in(More)
In Chlorella sorokiniana (211/8k), glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH-EC 1.1.1.49) activity is similar in both N-starved cells and nitrate-grown algae when expressed on a PCV basis. A single G6PDH isoform was purified from Chlorella cells grown under different nutrient conditions; the presence of a single G6PDH was confirmed by native gels stained for(More)
Evidence is provided for a close link between glutamate (Glu) synthesis and the production of reducing power by the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP) in barley ( Hordeum vulgare L. var. Alfeo) root plastids. A rapid procedure for isolating organelles gave yields of plastids of over 30%, 60% of which were intact. The formation of Glu by intact(More)
The heavy metal pollution in soils and aquatic environments is a serious ecological problem. In the green-microalga Chlorella sorokiniana 211-8K (Chlorophyceae) exposed to ions of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) we studied the metabolic responses to the toxicity of these two heavy metals. Our data indicate that both the pollutants alter the alga cell(More)
Plants respond to changes of nutrient availability in the soil by modulating their root system developmental plan. This response is mediated by systemic changes of the nutritional status and/or by local perception of specific signals. The effect of nitrate on Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) root development represents a paradigm of these responses, and(More)
A trial was performed on thirty-two patients with cerebrovascular disease (transient ischaemic attack and stroke) to assess the effect of ticlopidine, a new inhibitor of platelet aggregation, on some platelet functions and coagulation, and its safety in long-term use (6 months). The results show that ticlopidine was highly effective in inhibiting(More)
We studied the effects of ten-day 1% Galdieria sulphuraria dietary supplementation on oxidative damage and metabolic changes elicited by acute exercise (6-hour swimming) determining oxygen consumption, lipid hydroperoxides, protein bound carbonyls in rat tissue (liver, heart, and muscle) homogenates and mitochondria, tissue glutathione peroxidase and(More)