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We had previously shown that a genetically engineered Ig expressing an immunodominant CD4+ T epitope corresponding to the 110-120 amino acids of influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA), activated T cells more efficiently than the synthetic peptide. Taking advantage of a T cell hybridoma specific for HA 110-120 and transfected with a reporter gene under the IL-2(More)
The insulin B (InsB) chain bears major type 1 diabetes-associated epitopes of significance for disease in humans and nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. Somatic expression of InsB chain initiated early in life by plasmid inoculation resulted in substantial protection of female NOD mice against disease. This was associated with a T2 shift in spleen, expansion of(More)
Influenza viruses are among the most significant human pathogens, responsible for increased seasonal morbidity and mortality particularly in immunodepressed and chronically ill. Conventional vaccination with non-replicative vaccine is currently performed by injection. In the present study, we explore simple spray-dried lipid formulations containing whole(More)
Neonates and infants display an intrinsic disability to mount protective immune responses to influenza viruses or conventional influenza vaccines. We investigated the ability of naked DNA to prime protective immune responses by inoculating newborn and adult mice with a plasmid (pHA) expressing hemagglutinin (HA) from the neurovirulent strain A/WSN/33 of(More)
PURPOSE Spray-dried lipid-based microparticles (SDLM) serve as a platform for delivery of a wide variety of compounds including peptides, proteins, and vaccines to the respiratory mucosa. In the present study, we assessed the impact of IgG-mediated targeting to phagocytic cells of inactivated influenza virus formulated in SDLM, on subsequent immune(More)
During secondary immune responses to influenza virus, virus-specific T memory cells are a major source of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). We assessed the contribution of IFN-gamma to heterologous protection against the A/WSN/33 (H1N1) virus of wild-type and IFN-gamma-/- mice previously immunized with the A/HK/68 (H3N2) virus. The IFN-gamma-/- mice displayed(More)
We investigated the role of different lymphocyte subpopulations in the host defense reaction against influenza virus infection, taking advantage of various immunodeficient mouse strains. Whereas, following immunization, wild-type animals showed complete protection against challenge with a lethal dose of A/PR8/34 (PR8) virus, mice that lack both B and T(More)
The adaptive immune response is triggered by recognition of T and B cell epitopes and is influenced by "danger" motifs that act via innate immune receptors. This study shows that motifs associated with noncoding RNA are essential features in the immune response reminiscent of viral infection, mediating rapid induction of proinflammatory chemokine(More)
Previous studies showed that DNA immunization of newborn mice with plasmids expressing influenza virus antigens induced protective immunity. We have now extended the study of neonatal responsiveness to DNA vaccines to nonhuman primates. Baboons immunized as neonates with plasmids expressing type A influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) and nucleoprotein (NP) in(More)
PURPOSE Delivery of specific antibodies or immunoglobulin constructs to the respiratory tract may be useful for prophylaxis or active treatment of local or systemic disorders. Therefore, we evaluated the utility of lipid-based hollow-porous microparticles (PulmoSpheres) as a potential delivery vehicle for immunoglobulins. METHODS Lipid-based(More)