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Biological indicators for stress reactions are valuable markers in psychophysiological research and clinical practice. Since the release of salivary enzyme alpha-amylase was reported to react to physiological and psychological stressors, we set out to investigate human salivary alpha-amylase changes employing a reliable laboratory stress protocol to(More)
Electrical stimulation of the cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) globally and profoundly increases cerebral blood flow via a cholinergic mechanism. In cerebral cortex, the vasodilation is unassociated with alterations in cerebral glucose utilization, a condition favoring protection against cerebral ischemia. We sought to determine whether FN stimulation(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors are heterogeneous, consisting of at least two subclasses, Y1 and Y2. We sought evidence for differential expression of NPY receptor subtypes in the rat brain. Tissue was incubated with 125I-peptide YY (PYY) which labels NPY and PYY binding sites. The Y1-selective agonist, p[Pro34]NPY, and the Y2-selective agonist, pNPY 13-36,(More)
We investigated whether inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis with N-omega-nitro-L-arginine (NNA), a competitive inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), would modify the volume of the focal ischemic infarction produced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. NNA was infused for 1 h (2.4 mg/kg/h) immediately(More)
We sought to determine whether high spatial resolution magnetic resonance imaging is useful for noninvasive quantitation of the ischemic infarct produced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery and for detection of reduced infarct volume elicited by electric stimulation of the cerebellar fastigial nucleus. Male rats of the spontaneously hypertensive(More)
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