Simona Barnini

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Electroporation with shuttle plasmids carrying a kanamycin resistance gene as a selectable marker failed to generate transformants in two mycobacterial species currently being used in human vaccine trials (Mycobacterium w and Mycobacterium vaccae). In contrast, efficient transformation [10(3)-10(5) transformants (micrograms DNA)-1] was obtained using novel(More)
The rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of bacteria in clinical blood cultures is crucial to optimise antimicrobial therapy. A previous study involving small sample numbers revealed that the addition of saponin to blood cultures, further referred to as the new method, shortened considerably the turn-around time for the(More)
Rapid and sensitive tools for the diagnosis of tuberculosis are needed, due to the increased incidence of tuberculosis epidemics and the length of time required by classical diagnostic tests, especially among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. In this context, the recent advances in cloning and characterization of M. tuberculosis genes(More)
Chromogenic Candida Agar is a novel differential culture medium that is claimed to facilitate isolation and identification of Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei. The performance of this medium was evaluated for presumptive identification of 521 yeast strains, representing 23 different species, for detection of specimens containing yeast(More)
AIMS To develop a rapid, sensitive and reproducible screening test for the detection of nosocomial spreading of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. METHODS AND RESULTS Ps. aeruginosa genomic DNA extraction, RAPD-PCR, electrophoresis on acrylamide gel and silver staining were performed by using standardized reagents and conditions. The results were compared with the(More)
An epidemiological investigation was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of Streptococcus mutans in a group of 134 adult patients. Markedly higher frequency of isolation was observed in caries-active subjects than in caries-inactive or caries-free subjects, indicating a significant association between the prevalence of the microorganism and the caries(More)
Rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of the causative agent(s) of bloodstream infections are essential for the selection of appropriate antimicrobial therapy. To speed up the identification and AST of the causative agent, the fluid from blood culture bottles of a Bactec 9240 instrument (Becton Dickinson) containing(More)
Rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility profiling of the bacteria in blood cultures can result in clinical and financial benefits. Addition of saponin to the fluid from blood culture bottles promotes the recovery of the bacteria and thus may shorten the turnaround time of the microbiological analyses. In this study we compared the(More)
Rapid identification of the causative agent(s) of bloodstream infections using the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) methodology can lead to increased empirical antimicrobial therapy appropriateness. Herein, we aimed at establishing an easier and simpler method, further referred to as the direct method, using bacteria(More)