Simon W. Beaven

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Dyslipidemia is the sine qua non of atherosclerosis, but it is also strongly associated with the metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. The molecular basis for future therapies requires understanding the pivotal role of nuclear hormone receptors in lipid and inflammatory homeostasis. This review summarizes evidence that the liver X(More)
The most abundant immune cell type is the neutrophil, a key first responder after pathogen invasion. Neutrophil numbers in the periphery are tightly regulated to prevent opportunistic infections and aberrant inflammation. In healthy individuals, more than 1 × 10⁹ neutrophils per kilogram body weight are released from the bone marrow every 24 hours. To(More)
Impaired estrogen action is associated with the metabolic syndrome in humans. We sought to determine whether impaired estrogen action in female C57Bl6 mice, produced by whole body Esr1 ablation, could recapitulate aspects of this syndrome, including inflammation, insulin resistance, and obesity. Indeed, we found that global knockout (KO) of the estrogen(More)
We have developed an association-based approach using classical inbred strains of mice in which we correct for population structure, which is very extensive in mice, using an efficient mixed-model algorithm. Our approach includes inbred parental strains as well as recombinant inbred strains in order to capture loci with effect sizes typical of complex(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) regulate lipogenesis and inflammation, but their contribution to the metabolic syndrome is unclear. We show that LXRs modulate key aspects of the metabolic syndrome in mice. LXRαβ-deficient-ob/ob (LOKO) mice remain obese but show reduced hepatic steatosis and improved insulin sensitivity compared to ob/ob mice. Impaired hepatic(More)
Sexual dimorphism in body weight, fat distribution, and metabolic disease has been attributed largely to differential effects of male and female gonadal hormones. Here, we report that the number of X chromosomes within cells also contributes to these sex differences. We employed a unique mouse model, known as the "four core genotypes," to distinguish(More)
The liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that plays an important role in lipid homeostasis. Here we characterize two alternative human LXRalpha transcripts, designated LXRalpha2 and LXRalpha3. All three LXRalpha isoforms are derived from the same gene via alternative splicing and differential promoter(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver X receptors (LXRs) are lipid-activated nuclear receptors with important roles in cholesterol transport, lipogenesis, and anti-inflammatory signaling. Hepatic stellate cells activate during chronic liver injury and mediate the fibrotic response. These cells are also major repositories for lipids, but the role of lipid metabolism(More)
Given the success in engineering synthetic phenotypes in microbes and mammalian cells, constructing non-native pathways in mammals has become increasingly attractive for understanding and identifying potential targets for treating metabolic disorders. Here, we introduced the glyoxylate shunt into mouse liver to investigate mammalian fatty acid metabolism.(More)
Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a cancer gene (). Here, we demonstrate that KLF6 protein is rapidly degraded when apoptosis is induced via the intrinsic pathway by cisplatin, adriamycin, or UVB irradiation in multiple cell lines (HCT116, SW40, HepG2, PC3-M, Skov3, NIH-3T3, 293T, GM09706, and MEF, IMR-90). KLF6 degradation occurred in the presence or absence(More)