Simon Voelkl

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A characteristic feature of tumors is high production of lactic acid due to enhanced glycolysis. Here, we show a positive correlation between lactate serum levels and tumor burden in cancer patients and examine the influence of lactic acid on immune functions in vitro. Lactic acid suppressed the proliferation and cytokine production of human cytotoxic T(More)
Human tumors frequently escape immune destruction, despite the presence of cytotoxic T cells (CTL) recognizing tumor-associated antigens (TAA). We have previously shown that programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), a recently identified ligand of the B7 superfamily, is expressed on murine tumors and can inhibit antitumor immune responses. To evaluate the clinical(More)
In eukaryotic cells the phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) is restricted to the inner plasma-membrane leaflet. This lipid asymmetry, which is maintained by the concerted action of phospholipid transport proteins, is mainly lost during apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that primary human CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) expose PS on T-cell receptor(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a potent inhibitor of renin gene expression in renal juxtaglomerular cells. We have found that TNFalpha suppresses renin transcription via transcription factor NFkappaB, which targets a cAMP responsive element (CRE) in the renin promoter. Here we aimed to further clarify the role of NFkappaB and the canonical(More)
Down-regulation of immune responses by regulatory T (Treg) cells is an important mechanism involved in the induction of tolerance to allo-antigens (Ags). Recently, a novel subset of Ag-specific T-cell receptor (TCR)alpha beta+ CD4(-)CD8- (double-negative [DN]) Treg cells has been found to be able to prevent the rejection of skin and heart allografts by(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play an important role in the maintenance of immune tolerance to self-antigens and are involved in modulating immune responses in autoimmunity, transplant rejection, and tumor immunity. Recently, a novel subset of TCR-αβ(+) CD4(-) CD8(-) (double negative, DN) T cells has been described to specifically suppress T-cell responses in(More)
Upon specific interaction with APCs, T cells capture membrane fragments and surface molecules in a process termed trogocytosis. In this study, we demonstrate that human Ag-specific CD8(+) T cells acquire the coinhibitory molecule programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) from mature dendritic cells (mDC) and tumor cells in an Ag-specific manner. Immature dendritic(More)
Accumulation of CD3(+) T-cell receptor (TCR)αβ(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative T cells (DNT) is a hallmark of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). DNT origin and differentiation pathways remain controversial. Here we show that human ALPS DNT have features of terminally differentiated effector memory T cells reexpressing CD45RA(+) (TEMRA), but are(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is known to inhibit renin gene expression in juxtaglomerular cells, which are the main source of renin in vivo. In the present study we aimed to characterize the intracellular mechanisms of TNFalpha signaling to renin gene in the mouse juxtaglomerular cell line As4.1. TNFalpha was found to activate NFkappaB, which is(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a human disorder characterized by defective Fas signaling, resulting in chronic benign lymphoproliferation and accumulation of TCRαβ(+) CD4(-) CD8(-) double-negative T (DNT) cells. Although their phenotype resembles that of terminally differentiated or exhausted T cells, lack of KLRG1, high eomesodermin, and(More)