Simon Vinitski

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although research with functional MR imaging of the brain has proliferated over the past 5 years, technical limitations, such as motion, chemical shift, and susceptibility artifacts, have impeded such research in the human spinal cord. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether a reliable functional MR imaging signal(More)
PURPOSE To compare contrast of abdominal tissue on magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained with T2-weighted conventional spin-echo (SE) and fast spin-echo (FSE) sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-eight patients (26 men and 22 women, aged 24-77 years) with known or suspected liver disease underwent FSE and SE MR imaging at 1.5 T. Signal intensity (SI)(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has value in characterizing normal and abnormal bone marrow because of its ability to distinguish fat from other tissues. Due to this advantage, hematologic disorders resulting in alterations of the normal cellular and fatty marrow distribution can be appreciated. In this article, the role of MRI in diffuse hematologic(More)
The purpose of this work was to optimize and increase the accuracy of tissue segmentation of the brain magnetic resonance (MR) images based on multispectral 3D feature maps. We used three sets of MR images as input to the in-house developed semi-automated 3D tissue segmentation algorithm: proton density (PD) and T2-weighted fast spin echo and, T1-weighted(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the relative insensitivity of T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) techniques to magnetic susceptibility can be exploited to reduce metallic artifacts on images of the postoperative spine and, thus, improve the interpretation of the postoperative study. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three neuroradiologists retrospectively evaluated(More)
T1-weighted spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) images have had limited soft-tissue contrast at 1.5 T. The authors investigated the effects of echo-time (TE) minimization and fat suppression on MR images of the liver and pancreas. Two sets of MR images were obtained with identical repetition times and other parameters. In 10 subjects with seven liver lesions,(More)
The objective of the study was to compare hybrid opposed-phase fat suppressed sequences using gradient-echo (GRE) and spin-echo (SE) techniques. Eight normal volunteers had abdominal imaging at 1.5 T using both an opposed-phase fat-suppressed SE sequence (TR/TE 450/14) and an opposed phase GRE sequence (TE = 2.5) with frequency-selective fat suppression.(More)
Hybrid RARE (rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement) is a family of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques whereby a set of images is phase encoded with more than one spin echo per excitation pulse. This increases the efficiency of obtaining T2-weighted images, allowing greater flexibility regarding acquisition time, resolution, signal-to-noise(More)
Our aim was to develop an accurate multispectral tissue segmentation method based on 3D feature maps. We utilized proton density (PD), T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE), and T1-weighted spin-echo images as inputs for segmentation. Phantom constructs, cadaver brains, an animal brain tumor model and both normal human brains and those from patients with either(More)
Pulmonary edema was produced in four anesthetized dogs by saline lavage. The animals were maintained by assisted ventilation with O2/halothane and examined by a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) 0.15T resistive-magnet imager. The distribution of edematous fluid was clearly observed. Image contrast increased with prolongation of the cycle time (TR).(More)