Simon Vaculín

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Unilateral dorsal rhizotomy of brachial plexus nerves (C5-Th1) performed under general anesthesia is known to induce self-mutilation in rats. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different anesthetic agents, and of pre-rhizotomy nociceptive stimulation on the appearance of self-mutilation. Self-mutilation appeared in 78% of animals after(More)
Baclofen, which is a specific agonist of the metabotropic GABA(B) receptor, is used in clinical practice for the treatment of spasticity of skeletal muscles. It also exerts an analgesic effect, but this effect is still not clear and especially controversial in neuropathic pain. In this work, we studied the antinociceptive effects of baclofen in a model of(More)
Reactive oxygen species play an important role both in physiological and pathophysiological reactions. The aim of this study was to determine the role of free radicals and antioxidants in the development of visceral pain. Visceral pain was produced by colorectal distension (CRD) in adult rats. CRD was caused by insertion of a lubricated latex balloon into(More)
This review, which summarizes our findings concerning the long-term effects of pre-, peri- and postnatal factors affecting development, nociception and sensorimotor functions, focuses on three areas: 1) perinatal factors influencing nociception in adult rats were examined in rats with hippocampal lesions, after the administration of stress influencing and(More)
While the effect of cortex stimulation on pain control is widely accepted, its physiological basis remains poorly understood. We chose an animal model of pain to study the influence of sensorimotor cortex stimulation on tooth pulp stimulation evoked potentials (TPEPs). Fifteen awake rats implanted with tooth pulp, cerebral cortex, and digastric muscle(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to describe the effect of motor cortex stimulation (MCS) on pain thresholds in deafferentated rats. SETTINGS AND DESIGN The effect of MCS was studied in 18 deafferentated and 14 intact laboratory rats, using a standardised plantar test and tail-flick latencies. Two inoxious stimulation electrodes were implanted(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of unilateral dorsal root section at the cervicothoracic level of the spinal cord on the spontaneous neuronal activity of medial thalamic nuclei in the rat. Single unit extracellular recordings from thalamic nuclei, nc. parafascicularis and nc. centralis lateralis, were obtained with glass micropipettes.(More)
OBJECTIVES A novel evaluative approach was used to determine single unit activities of non-bursting intralaminar thalamic nuclei under neuropathic pain state following dorsal rhizotomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN Extensive dorsal rhizotomy at cervicothoracic level in rats was used as a model of central pain. After rhizotomy, rats were divided into two groups:(More)
Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) has gained a significant role in treatment of neuropathic pain. In order to evaluate effect of MCS in experimental animals we applied MCS to rats with neuropathic pain, which was evoked by chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the left sciatic nerve. Pain thresholds of both hind limbs were measured before, immediately after(More)
BACKGROUND Baclofen, a specific GABA(B) receptor agonist, is used to treat spasticity and its off-label use includes the treatment of pain. The aim of this study was to show the role of baclofen in acute pain modulation during the early postnatal period. METHODS Baclofen was tested in 2 doses (1 and 5 mg/kg) in 3 age groups (postnatal days 7, 16 and 21)(More)