Simon V. Hunt

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The blood/brain barrier prevents the passive diffusion of proteins and metabolites from cerebral blood vessels into tissue spaces around neuronal and glial cells. To provide nutrients for these cells, transport mechanisms must exist and indeed have been demonstrated for metabolites. We now show that monoclonal antibodies against rat and human transferrin(More)
The transport of calcium ions (Ca(2+)) to the cytosol is essential for immunoreceptor signaling, regulating lymphocyte differentiation, activation, and effector function. Increases in cytosolic-free Ca(2+) concentrations are thought to be mediated through two interconnected and complementary mechanisms: the release of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) "stores"(More)
Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane of T cells vitally influence Ca2+-dependent signals that lead ultimately to cytokine secretion, cellular proliferation and apoptosis. Conventional models depict the Ca2+ inrush across the T-cell membrane following T-cell receptor engagement as being due to Ca2+-release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels. A poorly understood(More)
The gene activities in T lymphocytes that regulate immune responses are influenced by Ca/sup 2+/ ([Ca/sup 2+/]/sub i/). The intracellular calcium signals are highly heterogeneous and vitally important in determining the immune outcome. The signals in individual cells can be measured using fluorescence microscopy but to group the cells into classes with(More)
A mouse monoclonal IgG2a antibody, designated MRC OX-26, is shown to be specific for the rat transferrin receptor, but does not block transferrin binding. The antibody labelled a myeloma, three leukaemia cell lines and normal dividing cells of various types, but also bound to a number of nondividing normal tissues. No labelling of lymphopoietic stem cells(More)
In contrast to excitable tissues where calcium channels are well characterized, the nature of the B lymphocyte calcium channel is unresolved. Here, we demonstrate by single cell analysis of freshly isolated rat B cells that the anti-immunoglobulin (Ig)-induced calcium influx takes place through a channel which shares pharmacologic and serologic properties(More)
The repopulation of the peripheral lymphoid compartment of lethally-irradiated rats reconstituted with lymphopoietic stem cells was studied. Cell lineages were traced by using genetic markers of cell surface molecules: immunoglobulin allotype for B lymphocytes and peripheral T cell alloantigen for T lymphocytes. Provided the markers had been bred on to a(More)
The origin of immunoglobulin on the surface of TDL in the rat has been studied by comparing the binding of purified alloantibodies recognizing the Ig-1a allotype of rat light chain, with that of rabbit antirat Fab antibodies. Both reagents labeled all TDL from rats of the DA strain (Ig-1a) with two categories of cells being detected; one binding 100-2,000(More)
  • Simon V. Hunt
  • International journal of clinical pharmacology…
  • 2009
In this article, the formation of antibodies during enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) is reviewed in the light of present-day immunological concepts of immunogenicity and tolerance. Except in Gaucher disease, anti-enzyme antibodies frequently form (mainly immunoglobulin G) in patients receiving ERT, though they tend to(More)
To gain insight into the clonal organization of lymphoid organs, we studied the distribution in situ of donor-derived cells in near-physiological chimeras. We introduced RT7b fetal liver cells into nonirradiated congenic RT7a neonatal rats. The chimerism 6-20 wk after injection ranged from 0.3 to 20%. The numbers of cell clones simultaneously contributing(More)