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AZD0328, a novel spirofuropyridine neuronal nicotinic receptor partial agonist, was used to investigate the role of alpha7 neuronal nicotinic receptor (NNR) activation in the modulation of midbrain dopamine neuron function, cortical dopamine release and on two behavioral tasks known to be dependent on optimal levels of cortical dopamine. In vivo recordings(More)
1. The efficacy of the free radical trapping agent NXY-059 in reducing the infarct volume following both transient and permanent focal ischaemia has been examined in rats. 2. In the transient ischaemia model, rats were subjected to a 2 h occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Intravenous infusion of NXY-059 (1, 10 and 30 mg kg(-1) h) for 21.75 h(More)
We investigated the neuroprotective effect of infusing various doses of clomethiazole in models of global and focal cerebral ischemia. In a model of global ischemia, gerbils were infused with clomethiazole (intravenous), attaining steady state plasma concentrations of between 1 and 13 microM for 24 h. In a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to assess the magnitude and stability of a number of functional deficits in rats subjected to occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). Three groups of rats, treated with 90-min, 120-min, or sham occlusion were used in functional studies for 22 weeks following surgery. The following tests were used:(More)
Αlpha-7 neuronal nicotinic receptors (NNRs) are considered targets for cognitive enhancement in schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. AZD0328 is an alpha-7 NNR partial agonist that enhances cognition in rodents and nonhuman primates at sub-microgram to microgram doses. We hypothesized that increased expression of the alpha-7 receptor contributes to this(More)
Clomethiazole (CMZ) is a GABA(A)-potentiating compound; however, it is unclear whether this mode of action is responsible for its neuroprotective effects in animal models of ischemia. This study compared the neuroprotective efficacies of muscimol and midazolam, two potent GABA(A)-potentiating compounds, to that of CMZ in a model of hypoxia-ischemia (H-I).(More)
The ability of chlormethiazole to protect against ischaemic cell damage in a rat model of permanent focal ischaemia has been examined. Chlormethiazole (1 mmol/kg) was administered intraperitoneally either 1 or 3 h after occlusion of the middle cerebral artery with an intraluminal filament. Twenty four hours after the start of occlusion there was(More)
Use-dependent N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists protect neurons from the lethal consequences of excessive stimulation by excitatory amino acids. Clinical development of high-affinity compounds such as MK801 have been limited due to untoward side effects. Toward this end, the lower-affinity use-dependent NMDA antagonists have greater margins(More)
The effect of chlormethiazole on hemispheric swelling and cortical tissue water content has been investigated in a model of permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Chlormethiazole (1 mmol/kg i.p.) or saline was administered 60 min after the induction of ischaemia and the animals sacrificed after 24 hours. The cross sectional area of the left(More)
The creation of seizure-prone (Fast) and seizure-resistant (Slow) rat strains via selective breeding implies genetic control of relative seizure vulnerability, yet ample data also advocates an environmental contribution. To investigate potential environmental underpinnings to the differential seizure sensitivities in these strains, the authors compared(More)