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During investigations on the regulation of the Pax-6 gene, we characterized a cDNA from quail neuroretina showing a 5' untranslated region distinct from that previously described and initiated from an internal promoter. Using RNase protection and primer extension mapping, we localized this second quail Pax-6 promoter, termed P1. As reported for the already(More)
Proper growth and development of multicellular organisms requires precise regulation of developmental genes. One aspect of this regulation is at the level of transcription from the gene promoters. As an initial approach to understanding the regulation of the Pax-6 gene, which plays an important role in eye development and perhaps in other developmental(More)
After differential screening of a cDNA library constructed from quail neuroretina cells (QNR) infected with the v-myc-containing avian retrovirus MC29, we have isolated a cDNA clone, Pax-QNR, homologous to the murine Pax-6, which is mutated in the autosomal dominant mutation small eye of mice and in the disorder aniridia in humans. Here we report the(More)
The Drosophila (fruit fly) model system has been instrumental in our current understanding of human biology, development, and diseases. Here, we used a high-throughput yeast two-hybrid (Y2H)-based technology to screen 102 bait proteins from Drosophila melanogaster, most of them orthologous to human cancer-related and/or signaling proteins, against(More)
The promoter element G1, critical for alpha-cell-specific expression of the glucagon gene, contains two AT-rich sequences important for transcriptional activity. Pax-6, a paired homeodomain protein previously shown to be required for normal alpha-cell development and to interact with the enhancer element G3 of the glucagon gene, binds as a monomer to the(More)
Using nuclear run-on assays, we showed that the tissue-specific expression of quail Pax-6 (Pax-QNR) P0-initiated mRNAs is due in part to regulation of the gene at the transcriptional level. Regulatory sequences governing neuroretina-specific expression of the P0-initiated mRNAs were investigated. By using reporter-based expression assays, we characterized a(More)
 The Pax-6 gene encodes a transcriptional master regulator involved in the development of the eye. The quail Pax-6 gene is expressed in the neuroretina from two promoters, P0 and P1, P0 being activated at the onset of neuronal differentiation. In this paper we have identified two regions in the quail Pax-6 gene 5′ flanking sequences, located 6 and 2.5 kbp(More)
In the endocrine pancreas, alpha-cell-specific expression of the glucagon gene is mediated by DNA-binding proteins that interact with the G1 proximal promoter element. Among these proteins, the paired domain transcription factor Pax-6 has been shown to bind to G1 and to transactivate glucagon gene expression. Close to the Pax-6-binding site, we observed the(More)
Pax-6 and microphthalmia transcription factor (Mitf) are required for proper eye development. Pax-6, expressed in both the neuroretina and pigmented retina, has two DNA-binding domains: the paired domain and the homeodomain. Mice homozygous for Pax-6 mutations are anophthalmic. Mitf, a basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (b-HLH-LZ) transcription factor(More)
To understand the regulation of the Pax-6 gene, which plays an important role in eye development, we have characterized the promoter region of the quail Pax-6(Pax-QNR) gene. In addition to TATA and CAAT boxes, sequence analysis revealed several putative cis-regulatory elements among which three myb-responsive elements (MRE). C-myb encodes a nuclear,(More)