Simon S Scharpé

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Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV/CD26 (DPP IV) is a cell-surface protease belonging to the prolyloligopeptidase family. It selectively removes the N-terminal dipeptide from peptides with proline or alanine in the second position. Apart from its catalytic activity, it interacts with several proteins, for instance, adenosine deaminase, the HIV gp120 protein,(More)
The neurodegeneration hypothesis proposed major depression as a consequence of the imbalance between neuroprotective and neurodegenerative metabolites in the kynurenine pathway. To test the hypothesis, plasma tryptophan and kynurenine pathway metabolites were studied in 58 patients with major depression and 189 normal controls. The mean tryptophan breakdown(More)
There is now some evidence that major depression is accompanied by activation of the inflammatory response system. There is also some evidence that antidepressants may suppress the release of cytokines, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 by activated monocytes and IL-2 and interferon-γ (IFNγ) by activated T cells. This study was carried out to examine(More)
Cytokine imbalances especially between T helper type (Th) 1 and Th2 and tryptophan breakdown were reported to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The hyperactive inflammatory response system could induce enhanced tryptophan breakdown. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cytokine changes, tryptophan breakdown parameter(More)
The upregulation of the initiating step of the kynurenine pathway was demonstrated in postmortem anterior cingulated cortex from individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, the tryptophan and kynurenine metabolism in bipolar mania patients especially in drug naïve state has not been clearly explored. This study explored the plasma(More)
A novel basic carboxypeptidase clearly different from carboxypeptidase N has been isolated from human plasma. It circulates as an enzymatically inactive precursor enzyme bound to plasminogen. During fibrinolysis, it can be converted to its active form, carboxypeptidase U, through the action of plasmin. The active enzyme has an apparent molecular weight of(More)
AIMS Recent studies indicate that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP(1-32)) may be truncated into BNP(3-32) by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP4) and that BNP(3-32) has reduced biological activities compared with BNP(1-32). We investigated if DPP4 contributes to the cardiorenal alterations and to the attenuated response to BNP seen in heart failure. METHODS AND(More)
A body of evidence indicates that the therapeutic activity of antidepressants is connected with their modulatory effect on the inflammatory response system and cell-mediated immunity. The present study was carried out to examine the effects of antidepressant agents, such as imipramne, venlafaxine, l-5-hydroxytryptophan, fluoxetine and a combination of(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has suggested the in vivo formation of a truncated form, BNP (3-32), also called des-SerPro-BNP. The objectives of this study were to investigate (a) whether BNP and other natriuretic peptides are truncated by dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26; EC 3.4.14.5) and (b) whether this truncation(More)
Serum total tryptophan and the five competing amino acids (CAA), i.e., valine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, and isoleucine were determined in 35 major depressed subjects of whom 27 with treatment resistant depression (TRD), and 15 normal controls. Twenty-five of the depressed subjects had repeated measurements of the amino acids both before and after(More)