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PURPOSE Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) can provide patient-specific motion information for radiotherapy planning and delivery. Motion estimation in 4D CT is challenging due to the reduced image quality and the presence of artifacts. We aim to improve the robustness of deformable registration applied to respiratory-correlated imaging of the(More)
Respiratory motion causes artifacts in cone-beam (CB) CT images acquired on slow rotating scanners integrated with linear accelerators. Respiration-correlated CBCT has been proposed to correct for the respiratory motion but only a subset of the CB projections is used to reconstruct each frame of the 4D CBCT image and, therefore, adequate image quality(More)
Current methods of four-dimensional (4D) CT imaging of the thorax synchronise the acquisition with a respiratory signal to restrospectively sort acquired data. The quality of the 4D images relies on an accurate description of the position of the thorax in the respiratory cycle by the respiratory signal. Most of the methods used an external device for(More)
EMPIRE10 (Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image REgistration 2010) is a public platform for fair and meaningful comparison of registration algorithms which are applied to a database of intrapatient thoracic CT image pairs. Evaluation of nonrigid registration techniques is a nontrivial task. This is compounded by the fact that researchers typically test(More)
Sliding motion is a challenge for deformable image registration because it leads to discontinuities in the sought deformation. In this paper, we present a method to handle sliding motion using multiple B-spline transforms. The proposed method decomposes the sought deformation into sliding regions to allow discontinuities at their interfaces, but prevents(More)
PURPOSE Proton CT (pCT) has the potential to accurately measure the electron density map of tissues at low doses but the spatial resolution is prohibitive if the curved paths of protons in matter is not accounted for. The authors propose to account for an estimate of the most likely path of protons in a filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction(More)
Respiratory motion is a major concern in cone-beam (CB) computed tomography (CT) of the thorax. It causes artifacts such as blur, streaks, and bands, in particular when using slow-rotating scanners mounted on the gantry of linear accelerators. In this paper, we compare two approaches for motion-compensated CBCT reconstruction of the thorax. The first one is(More)
PURPOSE Deformable registration generally relies on the assumption that the sought spatial transformation is smooth. Yet, breathing motion involves sliding of the lung with respect to the chest wall, causing a discontinuity in the motion field, and the smoothness assumption can lead to poor matching accuracy. In response, alternative registration methods(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of transabdominal probe pressure on prostate positioning with an intramodality ultrasound (US) image-guided-radiotherapy system and to quantify pressure variability over the treatment course. MATERIAL AND METHODS 8 prostate cancer patients (group A) and 17 healthy volunteers underwent 3 consecutive US images with increasing(More)
PURPOSE Reconstruction of the beating heart in 3D + time in the catheter laboratory using only the available C-arm system would improve diagnosis, guidance, device sizing, and outcome control for intracardiac interventions, e.g., electrophysiology, valvular disease treatment, structural or congenital heart disease. To obtain such a reconstruction, the(More)