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Respiratory motion causes artifacts in cone-beam (CB) CT images acquired on slow rotating scanners integrated with linear accelerators. Respiration-correlated CBCT has been proposed to correct for the respiratory motion but only a subset of the CB projections is used to reconstruct each frame of the 4D CBCT image and, therefore, adequate image quality(More)
PURPOSE Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) can provide patient-specific motion information for radiotherapy planning and delivery. Motion estimation in 4D CT is challenging due to the reduced image quality and the presence of artifacts. We aim to improve the robustness of deformable registration applied to respiratory-correlated imaging of the(More)
EMPIRE10 (Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image REgistration 2010) is a public platform for fair and meaningful comparison of registration algorithms which are applied to a database of intrapatient thoracic CT image pairs. Evaluation of nonrigid registration techniques is a nontrivial task. This is compounded by the fact that researchers typically test(More)
Respiratory motion is a major concern in cone-beam (CB) computed tomography (CT) of the thorax. It causes artifacts such as blur, streaks, and bands, in particular when using slow-rotating scanners mounted on the gantry of linear accelerators. In this paper, we compare two approaches for motion-compensated CBCT reconstruction of the thorax. The first one is(More)
PURPOSE Deformable registration generally relies on the assumption that the sought spatial transformation is smooth. Yet, breathing motion involves sliding of the lung with respect to the chest wall, causing a discontinuity in the motion field, and the smoothness assumption can lead to poor matching accuracy. In response, alternative registration methods(More)
PURPOSE Reconstruction of the beating heart in 3D + time in the catheter laboratory using only the available C-arm system would improve diagnosis, guidance, device sizing, and outcome control for intracardiac interventions, e.g., electrophysiology, valvular disease treatment, structural or congenital heart disease. To obtain such a reconstruction, the(More)
PURPOSE Proton CT (pCT) has the potential to accurately measure the electron density map of tissues at low doses but the spatial resolution is prohibitive if the curved paths of protons in matter is not accounted for. The authors propose to account for an estimate of the most likely path of protons in a filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction(More)
Current methods of four-dimensional (4D) CT imaging of the thorax synchronise the acquisition with a respiratory signal to restrospectively sort acquired data. The quality of the 4D images relies on an accurate description of the position of the thorax in the respiratory cycle by the respiratory signal. Most of the methods used an external device for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To validate the clinical usefulness of motion-compensated (MC) cone-beam (CB) computed tomography (CT) for image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) in comparison to four-dimensional (4D) CBCT and three-dimensional (3D) CBCT. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-eight stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) patients were selected. Each patient had(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present work is to propose and evaluate registration algorithms of three-dimensional (3D) transabdominal (TA) ultrasound (US) images to setup postprostatectomy patients during radiation therapy. METHODS Three registration methods have been developed and evaluated to register a reference 3D-TA-US image acquired during the planning CT(More)