Simon R. Junankar

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Anorexia and weight loss are part of the wasting syndrome of late-stage cancer, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer, and are thought to be cytokine mediated. Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1) is produced by many cancers. Examination of sera from individuals with advanced prostate cancer showed a direct relationship between MIC-1(More)
Chronically activated leukocytes recruited to premalignant tissues functionally contribute to cancer development; however, mechanisms underlying pro- versus anti-tumor programming of neoplastic tissues by immune cells remain obscure. Using the K14-HPV16 mouse model of squamous carcinogenesis, we report that B cells and humoral immunity foster cancer(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a reservoir of cellular binding proteins and growth factors that are critical for normal cell behavior, and aberrations in the ECM invariably accompany malignancies such as prostate cancer. Carcinomas commonly overexpress macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1 (MIC-1), a proapoptotic and antitumorigenic transforming growth(More)
The HER2 (ERBB2) and MYC genes are commonly amplified in breast cancer, yet little is known about their molecular and clinical interaction. Using a novel chimeric mammary transgenic approach and in vitro models, we demonstrate markedly increased self-renewal and tumour-propagating capability of cells transformed with Her2 and c-Myc. Coexpression of both(More)
UNLABELLED Recent clinical trials have shown that bisphosphonate drugs improve breast cancer patient survival independent of their antiresorptive effects on the skeleton. However, because bisphosphonates bind rapidly to bone mineral, the exact mechanisms of their antitumor action, particularly on cells outside of bone, remain unknown. Here, we used(More)
Infiltration of leukocytes into tissue is a common feature of many physiological and pathological conditions. Histopathologically, the diversity of leukocytes that infiltrate a tissue associated with a pathophysiologic response cannot be appreciated and/or examined unless highly selective immunologic detection methods are utilized. Specific populations of(More)
Mouse models have affirmed the importance of several cytokines in the elicitation of beneficial anticancer immune responses. Unfortunately, the use of these factors in clinical settings has proven difficult for a range of reasons, including their rather heterogeneous effects and serious toxicities that in some instances develop at therapeutically relevant(More)
Innate regulatory networks within organs maintain tissue homeostasis and facilitate rapid responses to damage. We identified a novel pathway regulating vessel stability in tissues that involves matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta(1)). Whereas plasma proteins rapidly extravasate out of vasculature in wild-type(More)
1Department of Pathology University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA 2Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA 3Angiogenesis and Tumor Targeting Research Unit, San Raffaele-Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy and Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, San(More)
When tissues are injured, vasodilation of capillaries and extravasation of plasma proteins into the interstitial tissue mark the onset of vascular remodeling following tissue assault (Bhushan et al., 2002). These processes are crucial not only for initiating a healing response, but also for enabling re-establishment of tissue homeostasis. Although molecules(More)