Simon R. Goodman

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When a standing person performs a movement such that the center of gravity shifts, the activity of postural muscles adjusts to keep the balance. We assume that such adjustments are controlled using a small set of central variables, while each variable induces changes in the activity of a subgroup of postural muscles. The purpose of this study has been to(More)
There is a no unique relationship between the trajectory of the hand, represented in cartesian or extrinsic space, and its trajectory in joint angle or intrinsic space in the general condition of joint redundancy. The goal of this work is to analyze the relation between planning the trajectory of a multijoint movement in these two coordinate systems. We(More)
The purpose of the study was to develop a model of force variability for a fast action performed by a multi-effector system and to verify it for multi-finger quick force production. The experiments involved quick isometric contractions to different target force levels using different finger combinations. Force variance calculated over sets of trials for a(More)
We tested a hypothesis that force production by multi-finger groups leads to lower indices of force variability as compared to similar single-finger tasks. Three experiments were performed with quick force production, steady-state force production under visual feedback, and steady-state force production without visual feedback. In all experiments, a range(More)
Experiments with force production by subsets of fingers within the human hand have shown that finger interaction may be significantly nonlinear. In particular, this nonlinearity is reflected in the phenomenon of force deficit, a drop of the peak force of a finger when several fingers act simultaneously. We describe nonlinear effects in force relations(More)
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