Learn More
Synchronization of driven oscillators is a key aspect of flow generation in artificial and biological filaments such as cilia. Previous theoretical and numerical studies have considered the "rotor" model of a cilium in which the filament is coarse grained into a colloidal sphere driven with a given force law along a predefined trajectory to represent the(More)
We demonstrate the use of an extended, optically trapped probe that is capable of imaging surface topography with nanometre precision, whilst applying ultra-low, femto-Newton sized forces. This degree of precision and sensitivity is acquired through three distinct strategies. First, the probe itself is shaped in such a way as to soften the trap along the(More)
Holographic optical tweezing permits the trapping of objects with less than spherical symmetry in appropriately distributed sets of beams thereby permitting control to be exerted over both the orientation and position. In contrast to the familiar case of the singly trapped sphere, the stiffness and strength of such compound traps will have rotational(More)
We present finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations of the forces and torques on dielectric particles of various shapes, held in one or many Gaussian optical traps, as part of a study of the physical limitations involved in the construction of micro- and nanostructures using a dynamic holographic assembler (DHA). We employ a full 3-dimensional FDTD(More)
The T matrix method is used to compute equilibrium positions and orientations for spheroidal particles trapped in Gaussian light beams. It is observed that there is a qualitative difference between the behavior of prolate and oblate ellipsoids in linearly polarized Gaussian beams; the former generally orient with the symmetry axis parallel to the beam(More)
Optical traps can be characterized in terms of two simple parameters: the stiffness, given by the gradient of the force at mechanical equilibrium, and the strength, as expressed by the maximum restoring force available for displacement in a given direction. We present numerical calculations of these quantities for dielectric microrods of varying radius and(More)
By holding a complex object in multiple optical traps, it may be harmonically bound with respect to both its position and its orientation. In this way a small probe, or nanotool, can be manipulated in three dimensions and used to measure and apply directed forces, in the manner of a scanning probe microscope. In this paper we evaluate the thermal motion of(More)
We present atomistic molecular dynamics computer simulations of the bulk phases of a model liquid crystal system based on 8CB. The model differs from real 8CB because it employs a united-atom description to eliminate all hydrogen atoms, and neglects all long-range electrostatic interactions. Despite this simplification, the pressure-temperature phase(More)
A theoretical examination of off-axial trapping in non-paraxial Laguerre-Gaussian beams is presented for both the Rayleigh and Mie regimes. It is well known that the force acting on a particle may be divided into a term proportional to the intensity gradient and another representing the scattering force. The latter term may be further sub-divided into a(More)