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Reconstituted collagen hydrogels are often used for in vitro studies of cell-matrix interaction and as scaffolds for tissue engineering. Understanding the mechanical and transport behaviours of collagen hydrogels is therefore extremely important, albeit difficult due to their very high water content (typically >99.5%). In the present study the mechanical(More)
The synthesis and properties of 80 short minor groove binders related to distamycin and the thiazotropsins are described. The design of the compounds was principally predicated upon increased affinity arising from hydrophobic interactions between minor groove binders and DNA. The introduction of hydrophobic aromatic head groups, including quinolyl and(More)
The design, synthesis, and evaluation of the potency of new isoform-selective inhibitors of sphingosine kinases 1 and 2 (SK1 and SK2), the enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of d-erythro-sphingosine to produce the key signaling lipid, sphingosine 1-phosphate, are described. Recently, we reported that 1-(4-octylphenethyl)piperidin-4-ol (RB-005) is a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate polypropylenimine dendrimers (generations 1-5: DAB 4, DAB 8, DAB 16, DAB 32, and DAB 64) as gene delivery systems. METHODS DNA binding was evaluated by measuring the reduced fluorescence of ethidium bromide, and molecular modelling of dendrimer-DNA complexes also was performed. Cell cytotoxicity was evaluated against the A431 cell(More)
Resveratrol, a natural compound endowed with multiple health-promoting effects, has received much attention given its potential for the treatment of cardiovascular, inflammatory, neurodegenerative, metabolic and age-related diseases. However, the translational potential of resveratrol has been limited by its specificity, poor bioavailability and uncertain(More)
Despite recent advances in prostate cancer treatments, disease recurrence is common and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The need for more effective antitumor agents has led researchers to target signaling pathways that drive tumorigenesis by modulating or bypassing androgen receptor signaling--attenuation or blockade of which current(More)
Footprinting, capillary electrophoresis, molecular modelling and NMR studies have been used to examine the binding of a short polyamide to DNA. This molecule, which contains an isopropyl-substituted thiazole in place of one of the N-methylpyrroles, is selective for the sequence 5'-ACTAGT-3' to which it binds with high affinity. Two molecules bind(More)
Isopropyl-thiazole ((iPr)Th) represents a new addition to the building blocks of nucleic acid minor groove-binding molecules. The DNA decamer duplex d(CGACTAGTCG)(2) is bound by a short lexitropsin of sequence formyl-PyPy(iPr)Th-Dp (where Py represents N-methyl pyrrole, (iPr)Th represents thiazole with an isopropyl group attached, and Dp represents(More)
Selecting polymers for drug encapsulation in pharmaceutical formulations is usually made after extensive trial and error experiments. To speed up excipient choice procedures, we have explored coarse-grained computer simulations (dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) and coarse-grained molecular dynamics using the MARTINI force field) of polymer-drug(More)