Simon Mitternacht

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The unfolding behavior of ubiquitin under the influence of a stretching force recently was investigated experimentally by single-molecule constant-force methods. Many observed unfolding traces had a simple two-state character, whereas others showed clear evidence of intermediate states. Here, we use Monte Carlo simulations to investigate the force-induced(More)
Allosteric regulation involves conformational transitions or fluctuations between a few closely related states, caused by the binding of effector molecules. We introduce a quantity called binding leverage that measures the ability of a binding site to couple to the intrinsic motions of a protein. We use Monte Carlo simulations to generate potential binding(More)
An important aspect of understanding protein allostery, and of artificial effector design, is the characterization and prediction of substrate- and effector-binding sites. To find binding sites in allosteric enzymes, many of which are oligomeric with allosteric sites at domain interfaces, we devise a local centrality measure for residue interaction graphs,(More)
The SPACER server provides an interactive framework for exploring allosteric communication in proteins with different sizes, degrees of oligomerization and function. SPACER uses recently developed theoretical concepts based on the thermodynamic view of allostery. It proposes easily tractable and meaningful measures that allow users to analyze the effect of(More)
Monitoring enzymatic activity in vivo of individual homologous enzymes such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by antagonist molecules is highly desired for defining physiological and pathophysiological pathways. However, the rational design of antagonists targeting enzyme catalytic moieties specific to one of the homologous enzymes often appears to be(More)
We describe and test an implicit solvent all-atom potential for simulations of protein folding and aggregation. The potential is developed through studies of structural and thermodynamic properties of 17 peptides with diverse secondary structure. Results obtained using the final form of the potential are presented for all these peptides. The same model,(More)
Conformational changes in allosteric regulation can to a large extent be described as motion along one or a few coherent degrees of freedom. The states involved are inherent to the protein, in the sense that they are visited by the protein also in the absence of effector ligands. Previously, we developed the measure binding leverage to find sites where(More)
The properties of the amyloid-beta peptide that lead to aggregation associated with Alzheimer's disease are not fully understood. This study aims at identifying conformational differences among four variants of full-length Abeta42 that are known to display very different aggregation properties. By extensive all-atom Monte Carlo simulations, we find that a(More)
Using all-atom Monte Carlo simulations with implicit water, combined with a cluster size analysis, we study the aggregation of Abeta(16) (-22), a peptide capable of forming amyloid fibrils. We consider a system of six initially randomly oriented Abeta(16) (-22) peptides, and investigate the thermodynamics and structural properties of aggregates formed by(More)