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BACKGROUND The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Flagship Study of Ageing is a prospective study of 1,112 individuals (211 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 133 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 768 healthy controls (HCs)). Here we report diagnostic and cognitive findings at the first (18-month) follow-up of the cohort. The first aim(More)
A decline in cognition greater than expected with ageing and accompanied by subjective cognitive concerns or functional changes may be indicative of a dementing disorder. The capacity to correctly identify cognitive decline relies on comparisons with normative data from a suitably matched healthy reference group with relatively homogeneous demographic(More)
A large scale, long term clinical study faced significant quality issues with its medications use data which had been collected from participants using paper forms and manually entered into a data capture system. A method was developed that automatically mapped 72.2% of the unique medication names collected for the study to the AMT and SNOMED CT-AU using(More)
Clinical research studies offer many challenges for their supporting information systems. AIBL assembled 1112 participants who volunteered crucial information for a comprehensive study on neurodegenerative diseases. This paper discusses the shortcomings of the clinical trial management system chosen to record the results of the study. A set of guidelines(More)
BACKGROUND Lifespace is a multidimensional construct that describes the geographic area in which a person lives and conducts their activities, and reflects mobility, health, and well-being. Traditionally, it has been measured by asking older people to self-report the length and frequency of trips taken and assistance required. Global Positioning System(More)
Clinical trial data have historically been implemented using relational databases. While this has expedited the dissemination of data among partners, it has hindered on the ability to swiftly query the data by relying on monolithic tables. This paper outlines a project that investigates the semantic enrichment of a large-scale longitudinal clinical trial,(More)
Behavioural mapping (BM) is a long established method of structured observational study used to understand where patients are and what they are doing within a hospital setting. BM is prominent in stroke rehabilitation research, where that research indicates patients spend most of their time at bed rest. We evaluate the technical feasibility of using the(More)
Serious games and gamified simulations are increasingly being used to aid instruction in technical disciplines including the medical field. Assessments of player performance are important in understanding user profiles in order to establish serious games as a reliable, consistent method for increasing skills and competence in all trainees. In this study we(More)
Signal processing on digitally sampled vowel sounds for the detection of pathological voices has been firmly established. This work examines compression artifacts on vowel speech samples that have been compressed using the adaptive multi-rate codec at various bit-rates. Whereas previous work has used the sensitivity of machine learning algorithm to test for(More)
BACKGROUND Telehealth services based on at-home monitoring of vital signs and the administration of clinical questionnaires are being increasingly used to manage chronic disease in the community, but few statistically robust studies are available in Australia to evaluate a wide range of health and socio-economic outcomes. The objectives of this study are to(More)